A systematic review of psychosocial interventions for adult refugees and asylum seekers
Forty articles were included to assess psychosocial interventions for refugee populations experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive, or anxiety symptoms. Evidence was strongest in support of narrative exposure therapy (NET), though the lack of culturally adapted treatments was noted.
Searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, PILOTS, and Social Services Abstracts to identify current literature on psychosocial interventions for refugee populations. The identified psychosocial interventions were both trauma- and non-trauma-focused. The review found medium to high quality evidence supporting the use of NET, with positive outcomes in refugees from diverse backgrounds and trauma types. There was relatively less evidence to support standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) and multidisciplinary treatments. However, further evidence is required to substantiate all of the intervention types.