Author Claire Allen

Harnessing big data for communicable tropical and sub-tropical disorders

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Big data offers a real-time way to track and monitor outbreak dynamics. There was limited data to assess the utility of big data for the surveillance of epidemic outbreaks. Further research in the field is needed.
Communicable tropical and sub-tropical diseases occur …

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Nutrition assessment, counseling, and support interventions to improve health-related outcomes in people living with HIV/AIDS

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Rigorous, better designed studies in resource-limited settings are urgently needed to understand the effectiveness of nutrition assessment and counseling alone, as well as studies to understand better modalities of food support to improve both short- and long-term patient retention in care …

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Effects of brief exposure to water, breast-milk substitutes, or other liquids on the success and duration of breastfeeding

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Considerable uncertainty remains about the effects of brief exposure to water, breast-milk substitutes, or other liquids (supplementations) on the success and duration of breastfeeding.
Breast feeding is recognised as holding many benefits for infants …

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The relationship between zinc intake and growth in children aged 1–8 years

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No statistically significant improvement of several indices of childhood growth following zinc supplementation in children aged 1–8 years of age was observed. Most of the studies included in the review involved children who were stunted, therefore it is likely that multiple …

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Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast-feeding success

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This review presents strong evidence that several of the infant feeding policies recommended by WHO and UNICEF can have a positive impact on lactation success. On the other hand, it also shows that the impact of other maternity ward policies could …

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Effect of daily iron supplementation on health in children aged 4–23 months

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In children aged 4–23 months, daily iron supplementation effectively reduces anaemia. However, the adverse effect profile of iron supplements and effects on development and growth are uncertain. Adequately powered trials are needed to establish the non-haematological benefits and risks from iron …

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Effects of probiotics on child growth

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This review found a benefit of dietary intake of probiotics in terms of weight and height gain in under-nourished children and possible benefit in terms of weight gain in well-nourished children in developing countries. The limited evidence suggests that probiotics have …

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A systematic review of economic evaluations of CHW interventions aimed at improving child health outcomes

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The growing body of evidence for cost-effectiveness of community health workers in improving child health out- comes presents an enormous opportunity for governments in low- and middle-income countries to invest in child survival. However, a stronger evidence base on the cost-effectiveness …

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Treatment of severe and moderate acute malnutrition in low- and middle-income settings

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Community-based treatment is backed by substantive programmatic evidence; however, there are clear gaps in the availability of well-designed studies evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to manage severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in a range of contexts. To …

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Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years

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This review has found that child-feeding interventions are under-performing. Although evidence is provided that feeding interventions can work, results indicate that good implementation is key. This leads to several suggestions for program development, implementation, and monitoring.
Under-nutrition can be a cause of …

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