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Prioritising the generation of evidence on infant and young child feeding interventions in emergencies

A woman with her child in Idomeni camp.

 Authors: Claudine Prudhon, Jacqueline Frize and Prisca Benelli
The need for evidence-based humanitarian interventions is gaining momentum, as discussed in a recent blog entry by Jeremy Shoham and Marie McGrath. Unfortunately, as noted by the two Field Exchange founders, “the few reviews of evidence in humanitarian nutrition programming show that …

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Why we need Evidence for Aid and why CEBM is partnering with Evidence Aid

Carl Hennegan

Author: Professor Carl Heneghan, Director Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, University of Oxford
CEBM partners with Evidence Aid: Evidence Aid is an international charity based in Oxford established after the Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004
In humanitarian disasters you need people with acute trauma care skills to find and …

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Evidence in humanitarian emergencies: what does it look like?

Marie McGrath mosque_Cover picture for slider

By Jeremy Shoham and Marie McGrath, ENN
Over 20 years, ENN has published Field Exchange to help achieve our purpose of strengthening the evidence and know-how for effective nutrition interventions in countries prone to crisis and high levels of malnutrition. It provides the experiences of those implementing nutrition …

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Ethics and Evidence – Reply to Donal O’Mathuna

Au nord de Homs, région de Al-Houleh. Un convoi conjoint du CICR, du Croissant-Rouge Arabe syrien et des Nations Unies se rend dans plusieurs villages où il achemine des vivres, des médicaments et du matériel d'approvisionnement en eau pour plus de 70, 000 personnes.
North of Homs, Al Houleh region. A joint convoy of the ICRC, the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and the United Nations reach several villages to deliver food and water supply equipment for more than 70, 000 people.
Communiqué de presse sur le site web du CICR, 23.03.2016 : « Syrie : des secours parviennent enfin à plus de 70 000 personnes dans la région d’Al-Houleh. [...]. « La population d'Al-Houleh vit depuis longtemps dans des conditions très difficiles », a déclaré Majda Flihi, cheffe du bureau du CICR à Homs, qui a dirigé l'équipe du CICR à Al-Houleh. « Principalement agriculteurs, les habitants ne peuvent plus cultiver leurs terres, et leur bétail ne peut plus être nourri correctement parce que les champs sont aujourd'hui des lignes de front. » Le convoi de 27 camions transportait des vivres, du matériel pour réparer le système d'approvisionnement en eau, ainsi que des secours médicaux visant à soutenir la structure médicale du Croissant-Rouge arabe syrien, durement mise à l'épreuve, dans le village de Kafr Laha. Une équipe d'ingénieurs eau du CICR s'est aussi employée à améliorer l'état des puits qui constituent le seul approvisionnement régulier en eau potable. Un deuxième convoi, prévu dans les prochains jours, transportera des générateurs et des équipements pour assurer l'approvisionnement en eau. « Comme dans tous les lieux assiégés en Syrie, les civils tentent de survivre avec leurs maigres ressources. Ils ont besoin d'un approvisionnement régulier en vivres, en médicaments et autres types d'aide. Il nous faut un accès régulier, quelle que soit la situation sur le terrain », précise Mme Flihi. Al-Houleh vit en état de siège depuis 2012, et est le théâtre de violents combats depuis des mois. La récente accalmie des hostilités a permis aux organisations humanitaires d'accéder dans cette zone. La semaine dernière, un autre convoi conjoint du CICR, du Croissant-Rouge arabe syrien et des Nations Unies a acheminé des vivres et des assortiments d'articles d'hygiène à plus de 60 000 personnes vivant dans les zones assiégées de Madaya, Zabadani, Foua et Kifraya. »
News release on ICRC website, 23.03.2016 : « Syria: First aid in months reaches over 70,000 people in the central Syrian region of Al Houleh. [...] "People in Al Houleh have been facing severe hardship for a long time," said the ICRC's head of office in Homs, Majda Flihi, who led the ICRC team into Al Houleh. "They are farmers but they cannot farm anymore. They have livestock but it cannot be fed properly as peoples' fields have now become front lines."The 27-truck convoy carried food, equipment to repair the water supply and medical aid to support the overstretched medical facility operated by SARC in the village of Kafr Laha. An ICRC team of water engineers also worked on trying to improve the state of boreholes which provide the only steady supply of clean water. A second convoy, planned for the coming days, will bring generators and technical equipment to ensure the water supply. "As in all besieged places in Syria, civilians are trying to survive on meagre resources. They are in need of regular food supplies, medicine and other kinds of aid. We need regular access regardless of the situation on the ground," said Ms Flihi. Al Houleh has been under siege since 2012 and has been the scene of heavy fighting for months. The recent lull in fighting has allowed humanitarian organizations to access the area. Last week, another joint convoy from the ICRC, SARC and UN delivered food and hygiene items to more than 60,000 people living in the besieged areas of Madaya, Zabadani, Foua and Kifraya. »

See also Ethics and Evidence by Donal O’Mathuna
It is a pleasure to respond to Donal O’Mathuna’s thoughtful blog. I agree with each one of his three main points. Together they make the case for evidence as an essential ethical commitment in humanitarian work.
Donal’s three points …

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Ethics and Evidence

Au nord de Homs, région de Al-Houleh. Un convoi conjoint du CICR, du Croissant-Rouge Arabe syrien et des Nations Unies se rend dans plusieurs villages où il achemine des vivres, des médicaments et du matériel d'approvisionnement en eau pour plus de 70, 000 personnes.
North of Homs, Al Houleh region. A joint convoy of the ICRC, the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and the United Nations reach several villages to deliver food and water supply equipment for more than 70, 000 people.
Communiqué de presse sur le site web du CICR, 23.03.2016 : « Syrie : des secours parviennent enfin à plus de 70 000 personnes dans la région d’Al-Houleh. [...]. « La population d'Al-Houleh vit depuis longtemps dans des conditions très difficiles », a déclaré Majda Flihi, cheffe du bureau du CICR à Homs, qui a dirigé l'équipe du CICR à Al-Houleh. « Principalement agriculteurs, les habitants ne peuvent plus cultiver leurs terres, et leur bétail ne peut plus être nourri correctement parce que les champs sont aujourd'hui des lignes de front. » Le convoi de 27 camions transportait des vivres, du matériel pour réparer le système d'approvisionnement en eau, ainsi que des secours médicaux visant à soutenir la structure médicale du Croissant-Rouge arabe syrien, durement mise à l'épreuve, dans le village de Kafr Laha. Une équipe d'ingénieurs eau du CICR s'est aussi employée à améliorer l'état des puits qui constituent le seul approvisionnement régulier en eau potable. Un deuxième convoi, prévu dans les prochains jours, transportera des générateurs et des équipements pour assurer l'approvisionnement en eau. « Comme dans tous les lieux assiégés en Syrie, les civils tentent de survivre avec leurs maigres ressources. Ils ont besoin d'un approvisionnement régulier en vivres, en médicaments et autres types d'aide. Il nous faut un accès régulier, quelle que soit la situation sur le terrain », précise Mme Flihi. Al-Houleh vit en état de siège depuis 2012, et est le théâtre de violents combats depuis des mois. La récente accalmie des hostilités a permis aux organisations humanitaires d'accéder dans cette zone. La semaine dernière, un autre convoi conjoint du CICR, du Croissant-Rouge arabe syrien et des Nations Unies a acheminé des vivres et des assortiments d'articles d'hygiène à plus de 60 000 personnes vivant dans les zones assiégées de Madaya, Zabadani, Foua et Kifraya. »
News release on ICRC website, 23.03.2016 : « Syria: First aid in months reaches over 70,000 people in the central Syrian region of Al Houleh. [...] "People in Al Houleh have been facing severe hardship for a long time," said the ICRC's head of office in Homs, Majda Flihi, who led the ICRC team into Al Houleh. "They are farmers but they cannot farm anymore. They have livestock but it cannot be fed properly as peoples' fields have now become front lines."The 27-truck convoy carried food, equipment to repair the water supply and medical aid to support the overstretched medical facility operated by SARC in the village of Kafr Laha. An ICRC team of water engineers also worked on trying to improve the state of boreholes which provide the only steady supply of clean water. A second convoy, planned for the coming days, will bring generators and technical equipment to ensure the water supply. "As in all besieged places in Syria, civilians are trying to survive on meagre resources. They are in need of regular food supplies, medicine and other kinds of aid. We need regular access regardless of the situation on the ground," said Ms Flihi. Al Houleh has been under siege since 2012 and has been the scene of heavy fighting for months. The recent lull in fighting has allowed humanitarian organizations to access the area. Last week, another joint convoy from the ICRC, SARC and UN delivered food and hygiene items to more than 60,000 people living in the besieged areas of Madaya, Zabadani, Foua and Kifraya. »

See also: Ethics and Evidence – Reply to Donal O’Mathuna
The importance of evidence to guide humanitarian action is increasingly recognised. Evidence Aid aims to promote an evidence-based approach to humanitarian work, and to provide evidence to guide decisions about humanitarian aid. That can be seen …

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Human rights preparedness

Human_rights_logo-6

Do you agree that the protection of persons must be of prime concern in disaster contexts? And do you agree that international human rights law, which is replete with explicit rights for the protection of persons and corresponding state obligations, must also be of prime …

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The World Humanitarian Summit, Effectiveness and Evidence

WH summit logo

Photo credit: https://www.worldhumanitariansummit.org/
Jeroen Jansen
14 June, 2016
Many different opinions have already been expressed on the recent World Humanitarian Summit (WHS)[1], but its ultimate success will be determined by the evidence produced in the coming years. As International Rescue Committee’s President and CEO David Miliband asserted: …

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How can humanitarian and foreign aid policy become evidence-based?

Paul Cairney Blog image

Paul Cairney
14 June 2016
If the world were devoid of politics, it would not be difficult for humanitarian and foreign aid policy to be evidence-based: simply gather and use the best information available. As Philip Davies describes, this can involve: (a) combining statistical data from population …

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Household Air Pollution and other Environmental Determinants of Health in the context of the World Humanitarian Summit  

western nepal

Western Nepal. April 2007. Photo: Niall Roche – while this stove has a flue the physical risk of injury for children is high. The only form of light is the wood being burned on the pan hanging above the stove.
Niall Roche
16 May, 2016
As someone who, …

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The Science of Disaster Health

"AYUTTHAYA THAILAND - OCT 14 : flood victims around a container truck of volunteer to get some food and drinking water on October 14,2011 in Ayutthaya Thailand; Shutterstock ID 89334790"

Image credit: stockphoto mania/Shutterstock, Wiley
Marvin L. Birnbaum, MD, PhD
20 April, 2016
Disaster health is a relatively new discipline. Knowledge of the current status of its evidence base is required to develop a roadmap for the direction and structure of future studies that will contribute to developing …

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