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Surgical interventions for treating distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults

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There is insufficient evidence to inform on the use of surgery or the best surgical intervention for distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults.
Distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults are relatively uncommon but serious injuries that are frequently treated surgically. The main options …

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Interventions for treating fractures of the patella in adults

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There is no evidence available from randomised controlled trials to inform on optimal non-surgical treatment or on the relative effects of surgical compared with non-surgical treatment for patella fractures. If surgery is chosen, there is insufficient evidence to determine which surgical intervention …

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Disaster-Driven Evacuation and Medication Loss: a Systematic Literature Review

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There was a lack of evidence about the impact of medication loss after a disaster: e.g. how many patients suffer from medication loss; how much will the medication refill be a burden of medical relief activities; and what types of medication are …

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Medical rehabilitation of spinal cord injury following earthquakes in rehabilitation resource-scarce settings: implications for disaster research

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Qualitative trends in earthquake (EQ) victim epidemiological data, including spinal cord injury (SCI) classification and types of medical complications, were indicated. Selected EQ country narratives showed that post-disaster SCI rehabilitation services were expanded by adapting local resources with international assistance to manage …

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Disability and Health Related Rehabilitation in International Disaster Relief

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Little scientific evidence on the effectiveness of health-related rehabilitation interventions following natural disaster exists. It is known, however, that absolute numbers of injuries as well as injury to death ratios in natural disasters have increased significantly over the last 40 years and that persons with pre-existing …

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Performance Assessment of Communicable Disease Surveillance in Disasters: A Systematic Review

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Despite the importance of performance assessment in improving CDS in response to disasters, there is a lack of clear and accepted frameworks. There is no agreement on the use of existing criteria and indices. The only relevant framework is the CDC guidelines- …

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Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years

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In low- and middle-income countries, providing additional food to children aged three months to five years can lead to small gains in weight and height, and moderate increases in haemoglobin. There are also positive impacts on psychomotor development but mixed evidence on …

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Chlorhexidine skin or cord care for prevention of mortality and infections in neonates

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A low-cost antiseptic used to cleanse the cord after birth could help reduce infant death rates in developing countries by 12%. Using chlorhexidine also halved the number of newborn babies that suffered from omphalitis, swelling of the cord stump commonly caused by …

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Handwashing and other hygiene measures

Epidemic,Earthquake,Population displacement

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A Cochrane review showing the benefits of various physical methods for reducing the spread of respiratory viruses, which may help to prevent the transmission of Ebola.

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Surgical gloves

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A Cochrane review showing that the use of two pairs of ordinary surgical gloves more than halves the risk of needle stick or sharps injuries, compared to only one pair of gloves.

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