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Dressings for superficial and partial thickness burns

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Despite some potentially positive findings, the evidence, which largely derives from trials with methodological shortcomings, is of limited usefulness in aiding clinicians in choosing suitable treatments.
An acute burn wound is a complex and evolving injury. Extensive burns produce, in addition to local …

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Silicon gel sheeting for preventing and treating hypertrophic and keloid scars

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There is weak evidence of a benefit of silicon gel sheeting as a prevention for abnormal scarring in high risk individuals, but the poor quality of research means a great deal of uncertainty prevails.
Keloid and hypertrophic scars are common and are …

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Educational interventions for the prevention of eye injuries

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The included studies do not provide reliable evidence that educational interventions are effective in preventing eye injuries.
Ocular injury is a preventable cause of blindness, yet it remains a significant disabling health problem that affects all age groups. Injuries may occur in the …

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Modification of the home environment for the reduction of injuries

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There is insufficient evidence to determine whether interventions focused on modifying environmental home hazards reduce injuries.
Injury in the home is common, accounting for approximately a third of all injuries. The majority of injuries to children under five and people aged 75 and …

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Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention

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Home safety interventions provided most commonly as one-to-one, face-to-face education, in a clinical setting or at home, especially with the provision of safety equipment, are effective in increasing a range of safety practices. There is some evidence that such interventions may reduce …

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Community-based interventions for the prevention of burns and scalds in children

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Only four studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Two found a reduction in rates of burns and scalding, and two found no effect following the intervention.
Burns and scalds are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Successful counter-measures …

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Interventions for treating phosphorus burns

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First aid for phosphorus burns involves the common sense measures of acting promptly to remove the patient’s clothes, irrigating the wound(s) with water or saline continuously, and removing phosphorus particles. There is no evidence that using copper sulphate to assist visualisation …

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Selenium supplementation for critically ill adults

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There is limited evidence to recommend supplementation of critically ill patients with selenium or ebselen.
Selenium is a trace mineral essential to health and has an important role in immunity, defence against tissue damage and thyroid function. Improving selenium status could help …

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Nutritional support for critically ill children

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The one trial included in this review was of low methodological quality and found no statistically significant difference for mortality, sepsis, ventilator days, length of stay, unexpected adverse events, resting energy expenditure, nitrogen balance, or albumin levels.
Nutritional support in the critically …

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Early versus delayed enteral nutrition support for burn injuries

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This systematic review has not found sufficient evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of early versus late enteral nutrition support in adults with burn injury. The trials showed some promising results that would suggest early enteral nutrition support may blunt the …

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