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Interventions to improve disposal of human excreta for preventing diarrhoea

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This review provides some evidence that interventions to improve excreta disposal are effective in preventing diarrhoeal disease.
Over a third of the world’s population lacks access to improved facilities for the disposal of human excreta, such as a basic pit latrine, a toilet …

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Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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No randomised controlled trials evaluating sports or games to alleviate the symptoms of PTSD were identified. More research is therefore required before a fair assessment can be made of the effectiveness of these interventions for PTSD.
It has been suggested that participation in …

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Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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There is not enough evidence available to support or refute the effectiveness of combined psychological therapy and pharmacotherapy compared to either of these interventions alone.
Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal, as well as distress and impairment resulting from …

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Pharmacotherapy for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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Medication treatments can be effective in treating PTSD, acting to reduce its core symptoms, as well as associated depression and disability. The findings of this review support the status of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as first-line agents in the pharmacotherapy of PTSD, …

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Psychosocial interventions for prevention of psychological disorders in law enforcement officers

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There is evidence only from individual small and low-quality trials with minimal data suggesting that police officers benefit from psychosocial interventions, in terms of physical symptoms and psychological symptoms such as anxiety, depression, sleep problems, cynicism, anger, PTSD, marital problems and distress. …

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Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults

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Although the evidence of each comparison of psychological treatments was very low, this evidence showed that individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy/exposure therapy (TFCBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) did better than waitlist/usual care in reducing clinician-assessed PTSD symptom; individual TFCBT, …

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Multiple session early psychological interventions for the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder

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Multiple-session interventions aimed at all individuals exposed to traumatic events should not be used.
The prevention of long-term psychological distress following traumatic events is a major concern. Systematic reviews have suggested that individual psychological debriefing is not an effective intervention at preventing PTSD. …

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Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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There is no evidence that single-session individual psychological debriefing is a useful treatment for the prevention of PTSD after traumatic incidents. Compulsory debriefing of victims of trauma should cease.
Over the past few decades, early psychological interventions, such as psychological ‘debriefing’, have been …

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Early psychological interventions to treat acute traumatic stress symptoms

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Individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural interventions were effective, in the short-term, for individuals with acute traumatic stress symptoms compared to both waiting list and supportive counselling interventions; however, caution should be taken in interpreting these results because the quality of trials was variable, …

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Fluoroquinolones for treating typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever)

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Trials were small and methodological quality varied. In adults, fluoroquinolones may be better for reducing clinical relapse rates compared to chloramphenicol. Data are limited for other comparisons, particularly in children.
Fluoroquinolones are recommended as first-line therapy for typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever), …

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