Evacuation from natural disasters: a systematic review of the literature
Female gender, younger age, and white ethnicity were demographic factors most commonly associated with evacuation. The presence of children was also associated with increased evacuation. More prospective and methodologically rigorous research is needed to bolster inference power.
This systematic review aimed to evaluate the current literature on demographic, storm-related and psychological correlates of natural disaster evacuation behavior. Eighty-three papers were included, which utilized 83 independent samples. Consistently, risk perception emerged as a strong, positive predictor of evacuation. Prior experiences, self-efficacy, personality, and links between expected and actual behaviors were examined less frequently in the literature.