Extreme weather events in developing countries and related injuries and mental health disorders – a systematic review

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There is an increased burden of psychological diseases and injury due to extreme weather events. This finding needs to be incorporated into activities of prevention, preparedness and general health care of those developing countries increasingly experiencing extreme weather events.

Due to climate change, extreme weather events have an incremental impact on human health. Injuries and mental health disorders are a particular burden of disease, which is broadly investigated in high income countries. Most distressed populations are, however, those in developing countries. This study investigates mental and physical health impacts arising from extreme weather events in these populations. No studies on droughts and heatwaves were identified. All studies were conducted in South America and Asia. There is also a gap in research in Africa (in quantity and quality) of studies in this field and a predominant heterogeneity of health assessment tools.

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