Flooding and mental health

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The level of exposure to floods has been associated with mental health problems. However, there is a scarcity of longitudinal studies and a lack of confounding controls which precludes making strong conclusions.

This research aimed to systematically map and review evidence on mental health impacts of floods. In flooding affected areas, there was a significant increase in cases of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), higher level of anxiety, an increase in depression symptomatology. The higher the level of exposure to floods, the higher the levels of mental health-related problems. This relationship was particularly strong for PTSD.

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