Interventions for promoting smoke alarm ownership and function
This review found that programmes to promote smoke alarms have at most modest beneficial effects on smoke alarm ownership and function, and no demonstrated beneficial effect on fires or fire-related injuries.
Globally, fire-related burns and smoke inhalation accounted for 238,000 deaths in 2000, a rate of 3.9 deaths/100,000, with children and people aged less than 44 years accounting for the highest proportion of deaths. Smoke alarm ownership has been associated with a reduced risk of residential fire death. This review evaluates interventions to promote residential smoke alarms, and assesses their effect on the prevalence of owned and working smoke alarms, and the incidence of fires and burns and other fire-related injuries.