Ready-to-use therapeutic food for home-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition in children from six months to five years of age

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There is insufficient evidence from clinical trials on the effectiveness of home-based ready to use therapeutic food (RTUF) in comparison to the standard diet on clinical outcomes of recovery, relapse and mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition. Either RUTF or flour porridge can be used to treat children at home depending on availability, affordability and practicality.  Pragmatic randomised controlled trials of HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected children with severe acute malnutrition are needed.

Malnutrition is associated with increased mortality rates and health associated illnesses. The aim of the systematic review was to assess the effectiveness (benefits and harms) of home-based ready to use therapeutic food (RTUF) on recovery, relapse and mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition.

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