Resilience and mental health in children and adolescents living in areas of armed conflict – a systematic review of findings in low-and middle-income countries

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Resilience-focused interventions need to be highly tailored to specific contexts, rather than the application of a universal model that may be expected to have similar effects on mental health across contexts.

Researchers focused on mental health of conflict-affected children are increasingly interested in the concept of resilience. Knowledge on resilience may assist in developing interventions aimed at improving positive outcomes or preventing negative outcomes, termed promotive or protective interventions. Although limited by its predominantly cross-sectional nature and focus on protective outcomes (i.e. preventing symptoms), this body of knowledge supports a perspective of resilience as a complex dynamic process driven by time- and context-dependent variables, rather than the balance between risk- and protective factors with known impacts on mental health.

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