Evidence Aid, along with partners (including the International Rescue Committee (USA) and Cochrane), has assessed published systematic reviews. Those identified as being of relevance to natural disasters, humanitarian crises or major healthcare emergencies, that include health outcomes, are listed below with a summary of the review before linking to the full article.
There are also five disaster-specific Special Collections. Three are available through the Cochrane Library for the topics – Burns; Post Traumatic Stress Disorder; and Flooding and Poor Water Sanitation (please note that these Special Collections are not searchable and do not include all the systematic reviews that are listed below). Four Special Collections are available directly from the Evidence Aid website – Windstorms, Earthquakes, Ebola and The Health of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Europe.
Acute traumatic stress syndrome (early): Treatment
Burns: nutrition and supplementation
Burns: systemic treatment
Child health and nutrition
Diarrhoea prevention: water quality and hand washing
Diarrhoea management: oral rehydration solution (ORS)
Diarrhoea treatment: zinc and probiotics
Disability and Rehabilitation
Human resources for health
Malaria Cochrane Special Collection (Special Collections bring together selected Cochrane Systematic Reviews and other external sources to provide a useful evidence overview on an important healthcare topic and are freely accessible.)
Mental health and migration
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
Physical trauma (excluding fractures)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: prevention
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: sports and games
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: treatment
Pregnancy and peri-natal health
Psychological First Aid
Sexual and Reproductive Health (including Sexual Violence)
What is the evidence of the impact of initiatives to reduce risk and incidence of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict zones and other humanitarian crises in lower and middle-income countries?
Skin diseases caused by long-term exposure to water
Skin, eye, and louse-borne diseases that can occur when there is a lack of water for personal hygiene
Social media and health
Treatment of scars
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever)
Water-related diseases caused by faecal pollution: sorted by disease
Water-related diseases caused by water-based insect vectors
See the World Malaria Day Special Collection.
Water-related diseases caused by urine of certain mammals
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Allocation of Scarce Resources in Mass Casualty Events published by AHRQ (June 2012)
An evidence review of research on health interventions in humanitarian crises (published November 2013): This is a collaborative report from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the Harvard School of Public Health and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
Electric fans for reducing adverse health impacts in heatwaves: Gupta S, Carmichael C, Simpson C, Clarke MJ, Allen C, Gao Y et al. Electric fans for reducing adverse health impacts in heatwaves. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD009888. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009888.pub2 (published on 11 July 2012).
Landslides: This is a draft chapter from the upcoming book Koenig and Schultz’s Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practice, 2nd Edition, made available as free access for Evidence-Aid.
Impact Evaluation Repository: an index of all published impact evaluations of development interventions. All studies have been screened to ensure they meet 3ie’s inclusion criteria . The summaries of impact evaluations in this repository are written by 3ie’s qualified team of technical consultants.
Insufficient Evidence? The quality and use of evidence in humanitarian action. Published February 2014. See pages 40-42 for references to Evidence Aid.
The IFRC’s World Disasters Report: “The World Disasters Report 2013 examines the profound impact of technological innovations on humanitarian action, how humanitarians employ technology in new and creative ways, and what risks and opportunities may emerge as a result of technological innovations.”