Social determinants of mid- to long-term disaster impacts on health: A systematic review

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This review found that regardless of health outcomes and event types, the influence of disasters on chronic heath persists beyond the initial disaster period, affecting people’s health for months to years. Using the World Health Organization’s conceptual framework for the social determinants of health, a total of 35 themes were identified across the three conceptual domains (determinants related to the socioeconomic and political context, structural determinants, and intermediate determinants) as potentially influencing disaster impact.

As disaster health data and research has tended to focus on the short-term health impacts, no systematic assessment of the social determinants of the mid- to long-term health impacts of disasters has been identified. This review assessed the chronic health impacts of disasters and explored the potential socioeconomic determinants of health impact through a systematic review.

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