Specially formulated foods for treating children with moderate acute malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries

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There is moderate to high quality evidence on the effectiveness of lipid-based nutrient supplements and blended foods for treating children with moderate acute malnutrition. Although, lipid-based foods were associated with increased recovery rates compared with blended foods; lipid-based foods  did not  reduce mortality rates or the risk of progression to severe acute malnutrition. There is scarcity of data from Asia despite the high prevalence of moderate acute malnutrition.

Various treatment approaches for children with moderate malnutrition in low and middle income countries exist. However, there is no consensus on the most effective treatment approach. The aim of the systematic review was to assess the effectiveness (benefits and harms) of various specially formulated foods for children with moderate acute malnutrition in low and middle income settings, and to assess whether foods complying or not complying with specific nutritional compositions, such as the WHO technical specifications, are safe and effective.

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