Tag archive for Epidemic

Harnessing big data for communicable tropical and sub-tropical disorders

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Big data offers a real-time way to track and monitor outbreak dynamics. There was limited data to assess the utility of big data for the surveillance of epidemic outbreaks. Further research in the field is needed.
Communicable tropical and sub-tropical diseases occur …

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What we know and what we don’t know about perinatal Zika virus infection

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Many challenges are still far from being solved regarding the epidemiology, case definition, clinical and laboratory diagnosis, and preventive measures. An approach using ‘omics’ and new biomarkers for diagnosis, and a [Zika virus infection] ZIKV vaccine for treatment, might finally give …

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Protection of the house against Chagas disease, dengue, leishmaniasis, and lymphatic filariasis

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The most effective interventions to protect against multiple diseases are indoor residual spraying, insecticide-treated materials (especially insecticide-treated nets and insecticide-treated curtains), and treating of larval habitats with biological and chemical methods.
This review aimed to assess evidence for applied vector control …

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Zika virus and reproduction: facts, questions and current management

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Further research to understand the sexual transmission of the Zika Virus (ZIKV) and its dissemination to genital systems would help to better anticipate and control outbreaks of potentially sexually transmissible infectious agents.
This systematic review aimed to summarise the most recent knowledge …

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Current strategies and successes in engaging women in vector control

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Women can be successfully engaged in vector control programmes at the community level in both income generating vector control activities, including micro-enterprise, paid community-level and state and national-level programmes and volunteer positions.
This systematic review aimed to assess and critically summarise evidence …

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Zika virus: An updated review of competent or naturally infected mosquitoes

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Culex, Anopheles, and most of Aedes species were observed to be refractory to ZIKV infection, other potential vectors transmitting ZIKV should be explored.
This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether studies performed on ZIKV vectors have brought enough evidence to formally exclude mosquitoes other than …

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Prevalence of Guillain-Barré syndrome among Zika virus infected cases

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The prevalence of ZIKV-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) was estimated to be 1.23% (95% CI = 1.17–1.29%).
This systematic review aimed to systematically review the literature and perform a meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of GBS among ZIKV-infected individuals. 3 studies (n= 164,651 individuals with …

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Vaccins pour la prévention de l’encéphalite japonaise

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Il est impossible de comparer l’efficacité des vaccins actuellement utilisés dans la prévention des maladies cliniques, car un seul des trois vaccins a fait l’objet d’une recherche directe d’efficacité dans un ECR.
L’encéphalite japonaise est une maladie virale du système nerveux central …

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Administration massive de médicaments contre la malaria

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L’administration de médicaments antipaludiques à des populations entières (administration de médicaments massive) peut réduire le risque initial de conséquences spécifiques à la malaria (6 mois), mais peu d’études ont constaté que cet effet se soit manifesté. Toutefois, les événements indésirables n’ont …

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Ivermectine pour l’onchocercose (cécité des rivières)

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L’ivermectine peut prévenir les dommages à l’avant de l’œil, mais son efficacité dans la prévention de la cécité reste incertaine.
L’onchocercose provoque de sévères démangeaisons et épaississements de la peau, et endommage les structures à l’avant et à l’arrière de l’œil. Elle …

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