Tag archive for Infections and infectious diseases (all)

No calm after the storm: a systematic review of human health following flood and storm disasters

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Floods and storms have differing effects on human health. There is a lack of data on the health effects of floods alone and on long-term effects.
A systematic review of 113 studies in a global range of countries (23 on floods, 89 …

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Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control measures

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Risk assessment is essential in post-disaster situation. A high priority should be given to rapid implementation of control measures such as through re-establishing and improving primary healthcare delivery.
This systematic review included 21 articles and assessed risk factors and potential infectious diseases …

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Review of health hazards and prevention measures for response and recovery workers and volunteers after natural disasters, flooding, and water damage: mold and dampness

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It is recommended to avoid and minimize unnecessary fungal exposure and use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) in disaster response recovery work. Any moisture or water intrusion should be addressed rapidly, since significant mold growth can occur within 48 hours. Systematic …

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Climate change – related water disasters’ impact on population health

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Further research is required to identify potentially modifiable factors associated with climate change-related water disasters. Currently empirical work is predominately descriptive, characterizing the climatic shifts that lead to major environmental disruption, toxin exposure and …

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Evacuating hospitals in Australia: What lessons can we learn from the world literature

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There is a need for more structured and detailed reporting of hospital responses to disaster. All hospitals must have a practised, detailed hospital evacuation plan existing before an impending threat.
This systematic review aimed …

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Differing community responses to similar public health threats

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There are significant differences in how communities respond to similar public health threats. More work is needed to develop theoretical models that apply to the community level and do not assume that a community’s …

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Sustainable urban infrastructure

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The analysis of urban infrastructure has evolved from the considerations about housing and city segregation to a systemic view of new facilities, and utilities that are mindful of urban metabolism and vulnerabilities, e-cities, and communications networks. Disaster mitigation, maintenance and sustainability …

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Water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health: A review for generalists with particular reference to Pakistan

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Climate change is anticipated to have a profound effect on public health, especially regarding water-related issues like water quality, diseases, and changes in rain and drought patterns. There is a need for water conservation, risk management, and development of adaptation and …

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The health and health care system impacts of earthquakes, windstorms and floods

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Floods and windstorms were found to have significant impacts on different aspects of health such as mortality (e.g.,  higher death rates in flash floods), injury (e.g., collapse of shelter, vehicle accidents), infectious diseases (e.g., cholera, salmonella, typhoid and others), chronic diseases …

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Power outages, extreme events and health: a systematic review of the literature from 2011-2012

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Power outages were found to impact health on different levels, with recurring themes being that following a power outages healthcare services and frontlines services become difficult to access. Current evidence and knowledge on the topic was assessed to be of overall …

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