The methods and outcomes of cultural adaptations of psychological treatments for depressive disorders: a systematic review

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Psychological Treatments (PTs) are effective in the treatment of depressive disorders in populations other than those for whom they were originally developed.

Adapting evidence-based psychological treatments to incorporate elements that are contextually relevant and meaningful in the culture in which they are being delivered is recognized as an important step to increasing acceptability of the treatment, patient satisfaction and, ultimately, their effectiveness. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on adaptations of PTs for depressive disorders for ethnic minorities in Western countries and for any population in non-Western countries to describe the process, extent and nature of the adaptations and the effectiveness of the adapted treatments. Cultural adaptations of PTs follow a systematic procedure and lead primarily to adaptations in the implementation of the treatments rather than their content. Such PTs are effective in the treatment of depressive disorders in populations other than those for whom they were originally developed.

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