Transmission of Zika virus through breast milk and other breastfeeding-related bodily-fluids: a systematic review

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There was insufficient evidence to determine whether Zika virus could be transmitted via breastfeeding.

ZIKV transmission occurs primarily via the bite of mosquitoes, however perinatal, transfusion, and sexual transmission have also been reported. With the recent increases of ZIKV cases in Central and South America and suggested associations with congenital and non-congenital disorders, an investigation of transmission via breast milk was needed This systematic review aimed to investigate the evidence for breastfeeding transmission of Zika virus from infected mothers to their children and to determine the presence of Zika virus infection in breastfeeding-related fluids. The evidence was based on 3 breast feeding mothers and their infants.

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