A systematic review of the impact of physical activity programmes on social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth
It is difficult to determine the efficacy of physical activity programmes for improving social and emotional well being in at-risk youth.
Physical activity programmes have been identified as a potential strategy for improving social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth, who have a prevalence of depression and low self-esteem exceeding the general population. This review could not determine the efficacy of physical activity programmes for improving social and emotional well-being in at risk youth, due to the mixed findings and the high risk of bias.
Key Practitioner messages:
- Physical activity programmes have the potential to improve social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth, but more rigorous trials are needed to evaluate their effectiveness.
- As none of the studies included long-term follow-ups (i.e. >12 months), it remains untested whether the benefits associated with participation in physical activity programmes are sustained once youth return to their daily routines.
- The quality of existing studies is poor and has not improved since earlier reviews.
- Physiological and psychosocial factors may explain the beneficial effects of physical activity programmes on social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth.
- Clinicians working with at-risk youth are encouraged to consider specific physical activity programmes to support social and emotional well-being and general health in this group.
Adolescents, Both sexes (for groups of both male and female persons), Child health, Children, Conflict, Cyclone/Hurricane/Typhoon, Disability, Drought, Earthquake, Epidemic/Endemic, Extreme temperatures, Extreme violence/Accidents, Fire, Flash flood/Flood, Health, Heavy rain, Humanitarian access, Insect infestation, Landslide/mudslide, Mental health, Non-communicable diseases (all), Population displacement, Population return, Protection, Snowfall/snow avalanche, Storm/storm surge, Technological disaster, Tornado, Tsunami, Violent wind, Volcano