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A systematic review of resilience and mental health outcomes of conflict-driven adult forced migrants

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Processes of resilience among displaced adults in the presence of substantial adversity- and their impact on mental health- remain unclear in the literature and require further research. There is evidence for the positive role of resilience on the mental health of conflict-driven …

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What is the evidence of the impact of initiatives to reduce risk and incidence of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict zones and other humanitarian crises in lower and middle-income countries?

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Implementation of initiatives on the ground to address conflict and crisis related sexual violence remains very limited. However, there is some evidence to support strategies being more effective when they have multiple components, including survivor care and community …

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Psychological, social and welfare interventions for psychological health and well-being of torture survivors

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This review suggests that there is no difference between psychological therapies and relative controls on the immediate effects on post-traumatic symptoms, distress or quality of life. However, at six-month follow-up, some specific psychological interventions showed moderate benefits in the reduction of PTSD …

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The Effectiveness of Psychological First Aid as a Disaster Intervention Tool: Research Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Literature From 1990-2010

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Sufficient evidence for psychological first aid is widely supported by available objective observations and expert opinion and best fits the category of “evidence informed” but without proof of effectiveness. An intervention provided by volunteers without professional mental health training for people who …

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Systematic Review of Psychological First Aid

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There is an absence of direct evidence for the effectiveness of PFA but indirect evidence supports the delivery of services based on the principles of PFA in the first few weeks after a traumatic event. We agree that when delivered PFA should …

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A Systematic Literature Search on Psychological First Aid: Lack of Evidence to Develop Guidelines

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Although PFA is considered to be an important approach for disaster-affected populations, there is a complete lack of experimental and observational studies on the effectiveness of PFA in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Currently it is impossible to make evidence-based guidelines …

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Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings

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There is some evidence to support the incorporation of Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs) as part of the alogarithms in the treatment and management of malaria to reduce the presumptive prescription of antimalarial drugs. Improving the care of RDT negative patients could improve …

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Interventions for preventing the spread of infestation in close contacts of people with scabies

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There is no evidence to support the effectiveness of providing prophylactic treatments for close contacts of people with scabies for the prevention of re-infestation or spread of infestation in contacts.
Scabies is a parasitic infection that spreads from person to person through …

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Interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents

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There is insufficient evidence on the benefits and harms from the independent comparisons of surgical and non-surgical interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence on whether long term function as an outcome differs between the surgical and conservative …

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Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birth weight infants

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There is evidence to support the use of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) as an alternative to neonatal care in low-birth weight infants particularly, in resource limited settings in the reduction of mortality and morbidity rates. However, more evidence to assess efficacy …

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