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Replacement arthroplasty versus internal fixation for extracapsular hip fractures in adults

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There is still a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of replacement arthroplasty compared to internal fixation for extracapsular hip fractures in adults.
Internal fixation of extracapsular fractures, using extramedullary or intramedullary devices, has been developed over the last 50 years. Internal …

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Osteotomy, compression and other modifications of surgical techniques for internal fixation of extracapsular hip fractures

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There is insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of osteotomy for internal fixation of trochanteric hip fractures. Additionally, there was inadequate evidence on the use of compression of the fracture, reaming of the femur, cement augmentation and hydroxyapatite coating of the lag screw.
Many …

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Electric fans for reducing adverse health impacts in heatwaves

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Heatwaves are hot weather events, which breach regional or national thresholds, that last for several days. They are likely to occur with increasing frequency in some parts of the world. The potential consequences were illustrated in Europe in August 2003 when there …

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Dressings for superficial and partial thickness burns

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Despite some potentially positive findings, the evidence, which largely derives from trials with methodological shortcomings, is of limited usefulness in aiding clinicians in choosing suitable treatments.
An acute burn wound is a complex and evolving injury. Extensive burns produce, in addition to local …

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Silicon gel sheeting for preventing and treating hypertrophic and keloid scars

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There is weak evidence of a benefit of silicon gel sheeting as a prevention for abnormal scarring in high risk individuals, but the poor quality of research means a great deal of uncertainty prevails.
Keloid and hypertrophic scars are common and are …

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Educational interventions for the prevention of eye injuries

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The included studies do not provide reliable evidence that educational interventions are effective in preventing eye injuries.
Ocular injury is a preventable cause of blindness, yet it remains a significant disabling health problem that affects all age groups. Injuries may occur in the …

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Modification of the home environment for the reduction of injuries

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There is insufficient evidence to determine whether interventions focused on modifying environmental home hazards reduce injuries.
Injury in the home is common, accounting for approximately a third of all injuries. The majority of injuries to children under five and people aged 75 and …

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Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention

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Home safety interventions provided most commonly as one-to-one, face-to-face education, in a clinical setting or at home, especially with the provision of safety equipment, are effective in increasing a range of safety practices. There is some evidence that such interventions may reduce …

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Community-based interventions for the prevention of burns and scalds in children

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Only four studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Two found a reduction in rates of burns and scalding, and two found no effect following the intervention.
Burns and scalds are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Successful counter-measures …

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Interventions for treating phosphorus burns

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First aid for phosphorus burns involves the common sense measures of acting promptly to remove the patient’s clothes, irrigating the wound(s) with water or saline continuously, and removing phosphorus particles. There is no evidence that using copper sulphate to assist visualisation …

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