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Devices for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries caused by needles in healthcare personnel

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A Cochrane review of medical devices designed to reduce the risk of virus transmission through percutaneuous exposure injuries caused by needles.

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Isotonic versus hypotonic solutions for maintenance intravenous fluid administration in children

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A Cochrane review comparing isotonic fluid (containing a sodium concentration similar to plasma) with hypotonic fluid (containing a sodium concentration less than plasma) for maintenance intravenous hydration in children. It found that isotonic fluid reduced the risk of hyponatraemia.

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Comparison of routes for achieving parenteral access with a focus on the management of patients with Ebola Virus Disease

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This new review compares the different ways to give fluids to people in situations where it is impossible to maintain adequate hydration simply by giving fluids orally. Collectively, these alternatives are termed parenteral access. They include getting fluids into a vein (intravenously), …

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The Effectiveness of Disaster Risk Communication: A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies

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A review of communication interventions relevant to disasters, including infection outbreaks. Interventions associated with increased knowledge of preventive measures include individual and group face-to-face information sessions, telephone calls, delivery of written information, mass media campaigns, mass SMS text messages and games for …

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How effective are measures taken to mitigate the impact of direct experience of armed conflict on the psychosocial and cognitive development of children aged 0–8?

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Interventions can help improve aspects of psychosocial functioning in children. The evidence is strongest for interventions focusing on normalisation.
Some 20 million children are currently victims of armed conflict. Among civilian casualties of war, 90% are children. Evidence …

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A systematic review of resilience and mental health outcomes of conflict-driven adult forced migrants

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Processes of resilience among displaced adults in the presence of substantial adversity- and their impact on mental health- remain unclear in the literature and require further research. There is evidence for the positive role of resilience on the mental health of conflict-driven …

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What is the evidence of the impact of initiatives to reduce risk and incidence of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict zones and other humanitarian crises in lower and middle-income countries?

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Implementation of initiatives on the ground to address conflict and crisis related sexual violence remains very limited. However, there is some evidence to support strategies being more effective when they have multiple components, including survivor care and community …

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Psychological, social and welfare interventions for psychological health and well-being of torture survivors

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This review suggests that there is no difference between psychological therapies and relative controls on the immediate effects on post-traumatic symptoms, distress or quality of life. However, at six-month follow-up, some specific psychological interventions showed moderate benefits in the reduction of PTSD …

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The Effectiveness of Psychological First Aid as a Disaster Intervention Tool: Research Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Literature From 1990-2010

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Sufficient evidence for psychological first aid is widely supported by available objective observations and expert opinion and best fits the category of “evidence informed” but without proof of effectiveness. An intervention provided by volunteers without professional mental health training for people who …

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Systematic Review of Psychological First Aid

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There is an absence of direct evidence for the effectiveness of PFA but indirect evidence supports the delivery of services based on the principles of PFA in the first few weeks after a traumatic event. We agree that when delivered PFA should …

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