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Available evidence of association between Zika Virus and Microcephaly

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There are some evidence available through mice models and direct isolation of ZIKV in affected pregnancies on kindly causal relationship but not convincible enough.
 Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito‑borne flavivirus related to dengue, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis. In 2015, physicians …

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A rapid review of personal protective measures for preventing Zika virus infection among pregnant women

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Although definitive data is lacking, insecticide-treated nets and mosquito repellents may be considered safe and potentially effective measures for preventing ZIKV infection during pregnancy.
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus from the Flaviviridae family. ZIKV is predominantly transmitted by Aedes spp. mosquitos, …

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Travel-associated Zika Virus Disease acquired in the Americas through February 2016: A geosentinel analysis

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Surveillance data helps to identify the clinical manifestations and adverse outcomes of Zika virus disease among travellers and demonstrates a need for global standardization of diagnostic testing; in particular travel advisories and prevention measures …

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Microcephaly and Zika Virus: clinical features and associations

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The current evidence strongly supports the association between microcephaly and Zika infection. All preventive measures must be stimulated.
The increase in microcephaly cases in Northeast Brazil (Oct-Nov 2015) coincided with the emergence of Zika virus in the country (May 2015). The review …

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EPA-registered repellents for mosquitoes transmitting emerging viral disease

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The conventional repellent picaridin has the strongest data to support its use as a second-line agent, as a mosquito repellent. IR3535 and oil of lemon eucalyptus are reasonably effective natural products. Citronella, catnip, and …

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Interim guidelines for health care providers caring for pregnant women and women of reproductive age with possible Zika Virus exposure

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) updated interim guideline is intended for health care providers caring for pregnant women during a Zika Virus outbreak. It includes a new recommendation to offer serologic testing to asymptomatic pregnant women who have …

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Effectiveness of peridomestic space spraying with insecticide on dengue transmission

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There is no clear evidence for recommending peridomestic space spraying as a single, effective control intervention.
Although peridomestic space spraying is commonly applied by national dengue control programmes, there are very few studies evaluating the effectiveness of this intervention. The systematic review …

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Psychosocial adjustment and mental health in former child soldiers: systematic review of the literature and recommendations for future research

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Research on the social reintegration and psychosocial adjustment of former child soldiers is emerging and is beginning to document psychosocial adjustment, mental health, and social reintegration in former child soldiers across a range of settings and cultures.
This research demonstrates that …

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A systematic review of the impact of physical activity programmes on social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth

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It is difficult to determine the efficacy of physical activity programmes for improving social and emotional well being in at-risk youth.
Physical activity programmes have been identified as a potential strategy for improving social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth, who have …

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Systematic Review of the evidence and treatment approaches: psychosocial and mental health care for children in war

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While mostly positive, the results of the outcome studies are not yet convincing. The scarcity of rigorous studies, the diversity of researched interventions, and the conditions and diversity of results make firm conclusions difficult.
Key practitioner messages:

There is a lack of rigorous …

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