Climate change – related water disasters’ impact on population health

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Further research is required to identify potentially modifiable factors associated with climate change-related water disasters. Currently empirical work is predominately descriptive, characterizing the climatic shifts that lead to major environmental disruption, toxin exposure and the resultant morbidity and mortality.

This systematic review aimed to examine the impact of climate change-related water disasters on public health and identify potential approaches for preparedness and mitigation.  Three major themes emerged: environmental disruption resulting in exposure to toxins, population susceptibility, and health systems infrastructure (failure to plan-prepare-mitigate, inadequate response, and lack of infrastructure). Direct health impacts were characterized by four major categories: weather-related morbidity and mortality, waterborne diseases/mental health effects.

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