Evacuating hospitals in Australia: What lessons can we learn from the world literature

Read the full review here [Note: not free access – pay per view]

There is a need for more structured and detailed reporting of hospital responses to disaster. All hospitals must have a practised, detailed hospital evacuation plan existing before an impending threat.

This systematic review aimed to determine the prevalence of hospital evacuations and commons precipitations for evacuation. 30 articles met inclusion criteria and indicated that the most common natural disasters that give cause for evacuating a hospital are windstorms, wildfires, earthquakes. Man-made disasters, such as nuclear meltdown, internal fire, bomb threat, missile, or chemical exposure were also causes for evacuation. There is room for improvement in how risk is assessed for each hospital and how communication, leadership, logistics, staffing and planning are carried out.

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