Evacuating hospitals in Australia: What lessons can we learn from the world literature
Read the full review here [Note: not free access – pay per view]
There is a need for more structured and detailed reporting of hospital responses to disaster. All hospitals must have a practised, detailed hospital evacuation plan existing before an impending threat.
This systematic review aimed to determine the prevalence of hospital evacuations and commons precipitations for evacuation. 30 articles met inclusion criteria and indicated that the most common natural disasters that give cause for evacuating a hospital are windstorms, wildfires, earthquakes. Man-made disasters, such as nuclear meltdown, internal fire, bomb threat, missile, or chemical exposure were also causes for evacuation. There is room for improvement in how risk is assessed for each hospital and how communication, leadership, logistics, staffing and planning are carried out.
Adults, Both sexes (for groups of both male and female persons), Burns, Cardiovascular conditions, Child health, Cyclone/Hurricane/Typhoon, Disability, Ear nose throat and eye conditions, Endocrine and metabolic conditions, Extreme violence/Accidents, Fire, Flash flood/Flood, Gastrointestinal/Abdominal conditions, Genitourinary and gynaecologic conditions, Health, HIV and sexually transmitted infections, Infections and infectious diseases (all), Injuries (all), Logistics, Malaria and protozoal infections, Maternal and perinatal health, Mental health, Neoplasms and hematologic conditions, Nervous system and neurologic conditions, Non-communicable diseases (all), Orthopedic injuries, Other injuries, Pain and anaesthesia, Poisonings, Protection, Respiratory conditions, Rheumatologic conditions, Sexual and reproductive health, Skin infections, Tobacco drugs and alcohol, Tornado, Vaccine-preventable infections, Viral fevers/VHF, Zoonotic and other pathogens