Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention
Home safety interventions provided most commonly as one-to-one, face-to-face education, in a clinical setting or at home, especially with the provision of safety equipment, are effective in increasing a range of safety practices. There is some evidence that such interventions may reduce injury rates, particularly where interventions are provided at home. There was no consistent evidence that home safety education, with or without the provision of safety equipment was less effective in those at greater risk of injury.
In industrialised countries injuries are the leading cause of childhood death, and steep social gradients exist in child injury mortality and morbidity. The majority of injuries in pre-school children occur at home. This review evaluates the effectiveness of home safety education, with or without the provision of low-cost, discounted or free equipment in increasing home safety practices or reducing child injury rates, and whether the effect varied by social group.