How do variations in definitions of “Migrant” and their application influence the access of migrants to health care services?
Variations in definitions used for “migrant” and for different groups of migrants in different areas can affect health system policies and migrant access to health care.
This systematic review explored this issue using evidence from academic peer-reviewed and grey literature in 169 publications in English or Russian from 2010 to 2015 that focused on primary care or both primary and secondary care (including screening services and emergency departments). There is currently no universally accepted definition for migrant at an international level and the heterogeneity of definitions used limits comparability of routinely collected data. Legal status was one of the most significant factors determining access to affordable and adequate health services for migrants in a country. Identifying preferred terms for migrants, seeking consensus on important migration-related variables for collection across health information systems and progressing towards universal access to health care across the WHO European Region are recommended as policy options.
Adults, Both sexes (for groups of both male and female persons), Burns, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Cardiovascular conditions, Child health, Children, Conflict, Disability, Displaced population, Ear nose throat and eye conditions, Endocrine and metabolic conditions, Extreme violence/Accidents, Gastrointestinal/Abdominal conditions, Genitourinary and gynaecologic conditions, Health, HIV and sexually transmitted infections, Infections and infectious diseases (all), Injuries (all), Logistics, Malaria and protozoal infections, Maternal and perinatal health, Mental health, Neoplasms and hematologic conditions, Nervous system and neurologic conditions, Non-communicable diseases (all), Orthopedic injuries, Other injuries, Pain and anaesthesia, Poisonings, Population displacement, Protection, Respiratory conditions, Rheumatologic conditions, Sexual and reproductive health, Skin infections, Tobacco drugs and alcohol, Vaccine-preventable infections, Viral fevers/VHF, Zoonotic and other pathogens