Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control measures
Risk assessment is essential in post-disaster situation. A high priority should be given to rapid implementation of control measures such as through re-establishing and improving primary healthcare delivery.
This systematic review included 21 articles and assessed risk factors and potential infectious diseases that resulted from prolonged secondary effects of major natural disasters including floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, tropical cyclones and tornadoes. Following such disasters, infectious diseases like malaria, leptospirosis, measles, dengue fever, viral hepatitis, typhoid fever, meningitis, diarrheal diseases, tetanus, cutaneous mucormycosis. Prevention and clinical management should be implemented immediately in order to control possible infectious disease outbreaks.