Interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care

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Action is needed to improve hand hygiene practices in patient care. Interventions including a variety of approaches to promoting hand hygiene may slightly improve compliance with hand hygiene practices and slightly reduce infection rates.

Health care‐associated infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Hand hygiene is regarded as an effective preventive measure. A variety of single intervention strategies and combinations of strategies, many based on current recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO), led to increased hand hygiene compliance in most studies, regardless of setting. However, the certainty of the evidence varied from very low to moderate, depending on the strategy. What remains unclear is which strategy or combination of strategies is most effective in a given context.

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