Non‐nutritive sucking for increasing physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants

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Meta‐analysis demonstrated a significant effect of NNS on the transition from gavage to full oral feeding, transition from start of oral feeding to full oral feeding, and length of hospital stay. None of the trials reported any adverse effects.

Non‐nutritive sucking is used during gavage feeding and in the transition from gavage to breast/bottle feeding in preterm infants to improve the development of sucking behaviour and the digestion of enteral feedings. This review assesses the effects of non-nutritive sucking on physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants.

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