Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV
Given the current evidence base, no firm conclusions can be drawn about the effects of macronutrient supplementation on morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV.
Adequate nutrition is important for optimal immune and metabolic function. Dietary support may improve clinical outcomes in HIV-infected individuals by reducing the incidence of HIV-associated complications and by attenuating progression of HIV disease, ultimately reducing disease-related mortality. This review evaluates the effectiveness of various macronutrient interventions, given orally, in reducing morbidity and mortality in adults and children living with HIV infection.