Resource use implications of using physical interventions to control or prevent the spread of respiratory viruses

Citation: Lee KM, Shukla VK, Clark M, et al. Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses — resource use implications: a systematic review. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2011

What is this? Physical interventions can be effective at preventing or reducing the spread of respiratory viruses, such as COVID-19. It is important to understand the resource and economic impacts of these interventions.

In this systematic review, the authors searched for studies of the costs of physical interventions or resource use to control or prevent the spread of respiratory viruses. They restricted their search to articles published between 1995 and 2010 but did not restrict by language. They did their most recent search in September 2011. They included 3 studies that reported use of resources (2 from the collection of data and 1 using simulation) and 4 studies that examined the cost or cost-effectiveness of physical interventions using modelling exercises.

What was found:  Use of physical interventions to prevent disease transmission appears to be cost-effective during an epidemic or pandemic.

What’s uncertain: The generalizability of this review’s results to different respiratory virus types and community settings is uncertain.

 

Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on the coronavirus (COVID-19) but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about the coronavirus (COVID-19) on the basis of this summary alone.

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