» Adolescents

Interventions for treating ankle fractures in children

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Using an ankle brace rather than a rigid cast, especially a non-removable walking cast, may result in quicker recovery in children with minor ankle fractures (undisplaced growth-plate fractures of the distal fibula). There is no evidence to inform on the management, including …

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Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) professionals operating in humanitarian response must deliver interventions ranging from safe and sufficient drinking water provision to efficient wastewater and excreta removal methods in extremely unstable and insecure contexts (e.g., temporary sites with shifting water tables). This …

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Using social media for actionable disease surveillance and outbreak management

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This review highlights the lack of literature on the use of social media in disease surveillance and outbreak management to support and improve public health, and to target specific populations to evaluate an intervention or interact with communities to improve health outcomes. …

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Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings: linking practice and research

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A meta-analysis showed that psychotherapeutic interventions effectively reduced PTSD for adults in humanitarian settings in low- and middle-income countries. For children, an analysis of school-based interventions and group psychotherapy found inconsistent effectiveness for PTSD symptoms, but overall benefits for internalizing symptoms, for …

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A Systematic Review of the Health Impacts of Mass Earth Movements (Landslides)

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Landslides cause significant mental health impacts, in particular the prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) may be higher after landslides than other types of disaster.
Mass ground movements (commonly referred to as ‘landslides’) are common natural hazards that can have significant economic, …

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Disaster-Driven Evacuation and Medication Loss: a Systematic Literature Review

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A considerable number of patients lose their medication and medical devices during evacuation and people with chronic conditions are most at risk when their medication is not available. Understanding the impact of medication loss may lead to raising awareness and better preparations …

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Isotonic versus hypotonic solutions for maintenance intravenous fluid administration in children

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A Cochrane review comparing isotonic fluid (containing a sodium concentration similar to plasma) with hypotonic fluid (containing a sodium concentration less than plasma) for maintenance intravenous hydration in children. It found that isotonic fluid reduced the risk of hyponatraemia.

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What is the evidence of the impact of initiatives to reduce risk and incidence of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict zones and other humanitarian crises in lower and middle-income countries?

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Implementation of initiatives on the ground to address conflict and crisis related sexual violence remains very limited. However, there is some evidence to support strategies being more effective when they have multiple components, including survivor care and community …

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A Systematic Literature Search on Psychological First Aid: Lack of Evidence to Develop Guidelines

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Although PFA is considered to be an important approach for disaster-affected populations, there is a complete lack of experimental and observational studies on the effectiveness of PFA in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Currently it is impossible to make evidence-based guidelines …

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Interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents

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There is insufficient evidence on the benefits and harms from the independent comparisons of surgical and non-surgical interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence on whether long term function as an outcome differs between the surgical and conservative …

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