» Adolescents

在疾病大流行期間針對兒童患者幫助分流使用呼吸器的計畫

Citation: Kim KM, Cinti S, Gay S, et al. Triage of mechanical ventilation for pediatric patients during a pandemic. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 2012 6(2): 131-7
這是什麼?一部分感染了COVID-19的患者會出現呼吸衰竭,並需要輔助呼吸。這會在加護病房(ICU)內以呼吸器(MV)提供,但在疫情大流行期間,這些資源可能會出現短缺。可能需要對病患進行分類的模式,以分配這些資源的使用權限。本篇文獻回顧針對兒童患者對此進行。
在這篇系統文獻回顧中,作者搜尋了評估18歲以下兒童的重症監護預後與多系統器官衰竭評分系統的研究。作者限制搜尋以英文發佈的文章,並於2010年2月截止搜尋。他們確認了22篇報告,其中五項是在疫情大流行期間的呼吸器分流計畫中使用的獨立分流評分系統。
哪些是有效的:文獻回顧中的證據表明,在可應用於廣義兒童重症監護人群的評分系統中,唯一完全符合在呼吸道疾病流行期間針對兒童使用的呼吸器分流系統的所有要求的評分系統是小兒科組織器官功能障礙(PELOD)評分系統。
哪些是無效的:並未提及。
哪些是不確定的:並未提及。
 
免責聲明 : 為了讓忙碌,需要閱讀新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)全文報告,且在搜尋第一手資料中的決策者,能夠更快速地取得根據,Evidence Aid的職員和志工撰寫了這個綱要。這份綱要並非為了取代醫師的醫學建議、其他醫療人員、專業協會、指導方針制定者或政府以及國際機構。如果讀者認為這篇綱要呈現的根據與決策的制定毫無相關,那決策者應該先參考原文章的詳細內容和專家提出的建議,以及指導分針,再來做決定。任何單單基於這篇新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)相關綱要而做出的決策,Evidence Aid概不負責。

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As intervenções de higiene das mãos reduzem doenças devido a infecções respiratórias agudas nas instituições infantis e escolares e no contexto doméstico nos países de baixa e média renda.

Citation: McGuinness SL, Barker SF, O’Toole J, et al. Effect of hygiene interventions on acute respiratory infections in childcare, school and domestic settings in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Tropical Medicine and International Health 2018; 23: 816-33
De que se trata?  Em geral as infecções respiratórias …

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Managerial supervision to improve primary health care in low- and middle-income countries: effects are uncertain

Citation: Bosch-Capblanch X, Liaqat S, Garner P. Managerial supervision to improve primary health care in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011; (9): CD006413
What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic is placing a great strain on health systems and healthcare workers. Primary healthcare …

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交通及交通樞紐以及呼吸道病毒的傳播

Citation: Browne A, Ahmad SS, Beck CR, et al. The roles of transportation and transportation hubs in the propagation of influenza and coronaviruses: a systematic review. Journal of Travel Medicine 2016; 23(1): 1-7
這是什麼?COVID-19的疫情影起了病毒經由交通運輸系統及交通樞紐傳播的關注。
在這篇系統文獻回顧中,作者們搜尋了人們使用海、陸、空大型交通工具或樞紐傳播流感、SARS-CoV或者MERS-CoV的研究。他們並未限制搜尋發佈的日期或語言,並於2014年4月進行搜尋。他們確認了24項觀察性研究、3項文獻回顧、10項模型研究和1項定性報告。
有哪些發現:空中交通工具能加速並擴大像是流感等的呼吸道病毒的傳播。病毒傳播會發生在在飛機上、旅客目的地,甚至是在機場。
為了降低發病率和死亡率,必須控制措施來防止病毒在郵輪上傳播。
研究發現火車會將病毒帶到新的區域。
哪些是不確定的:病毒藉由海上交通系統傳播的影響尚不確定。
病毒藉由陸上交通和交通樞紐傳播的影響尚不確定的。
 
免責聲明 : 為了讓忙碌,需要閱讀新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)全文報告,且在搜尋第一手資料中的決策者,能夠更快速地取得根據,Evidence Aid的職員和志工撰寫了這個綱要。這份綱要並非為了取代醫師的醫學建議、其他醫療人員、專業協會、指導方針制定者或政府以及國際機構。如果讀者認為這篇綱要呈現的根據與決策的制定毫無相關,那決策者應該先參考原文章的詳細內容和專家提出的建議,以及指導分針,再來做決定。任何單單基於這篇新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)相關綱要而做出的決策,Evidence Aid概不負責。

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Transporte y centros de transporte y la propagación de los virus respiratorios

Citation: Browne A, Ahmad SS, Beck CR, et al. The roles of transportation and transportation hubs in the propagation of influenza and coronaviruses: a systematic review. Journal of Travel Medicine 2016; 23(1): 1-7
¿Qué es esto? La pandemia COVID-19 ha causado preocupación sobre la transmisión del virus …

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Dental recalls: effects of longer intervals between routine check-ups is uncertain

Citation: Riley P, Worthington HV, Clarkson JE, et al. Recall intervals for oral health in primary care patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013; (12): CD004346
What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the suspension of many types of routine health and social care, …

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Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions and health outcomes in humanitarian crises

Citation: Ramesh A, Blanchet K, Ensink JH, Roberts B. Evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions on health outcomes in humanitarian crises: a systematic review. PloS ONE 2015; 10(9): e0124688
What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic, like other humanitarian crises, may leave …

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Rinse-free hand washing regimes might reduce illness-related absenteeism among preschool and school children

Citation: Munn Z, Tufanaru C, Lockwood C, et al. Rinse-free hand wash for reducing absenteeism among preschool and school children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020; (4): CD012566
What is this? Physical interventions, such as hand washing, should interrupt or reduce the spread of COVID-19. However, …

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Preparedness strategies and interventions against influenza pandemics: cost-effectiveness

Citation: Pérez Velasco R, Praditsitthikorn N, Wichmann K, et al. Systematic review of economic evaluations of preparedness strategies and interventions against influenza pandemics. PLoS One 2012; 7(2): e30333
What is this? Public health interventions and preparedness strategies are necessary to limit the effect of pandemics such …

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Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures might help to control COVID-19

Citation:  Nussbaumer-Streit B, Mayr V, Dobrescu AI, et al. Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: a rapid review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020; (4): CD013574
What is this?  During the COVID-19 pandemic, some people are in quarantine to …

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