» Both sexes (for groups of both male and female persons)

Supplementary feeding for improving the health of disadvantaged infants and children: what works and why?

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Effective implementation ensures that children receive supplementary foods as planned, and that programmes are tailored in the context of their needs as well as those of their caregivers.
The objective of the realist review, done alongside this systematic review, was to determine the mechanisms …

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Posttraumatic growth amongst refugee populations

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Posttraumatic growth (PTG) can occur across diverse age groups subsequent to numerous traumatic events, and is often associated with positive outcomes. Results from the systematic review of randomised (1 RCT) and non-randomised studies (16 studies) produce a rich dataset on PTG; …

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Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies

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Cash transfer and voucher programs, if appropriately designed and managed, can be effective and efficient modalities for addressing the needs of crisis-affected populations in a range of contexts. Robust evidence on the effects and efficiency of cash-based interventions are strongest for food …

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Personal protective equipment for preventing highly infectious diseases due to exposure to contaminated body fluids in healthcare staff

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Studies of simulations of exposure showed doffing may be safer with double gloves and following CDC methods. Active training may lead to less errors in donning and doffing than passive training.
Healthcare staff are at much greater risk of infections such as Ebola …

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Interventions for treating ankle fractures in children

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Using an ankle brace rather than a rigid cast, especially a non-removable walking cast, may result in quicker recovery in children with minor ankle fractures (undisplaced growth-plate fractures of the distal fibula). There is no evidence to inform on the management, including …

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Estimating infectious disease in UK asylum seekers and refugees: a systematic review of prevalence studies

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Five studies were identified for variable prevalence rates for TB, hepatitis B and HIV in asylum seekers in the UK. It was unclear if the reported rates were true risk variation or reflected methodological differences.
The prevalence of TB ranged from 1.33 to …

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The physical health status, service utilisation and barriers to accessing care for asylum seekers residing in the community: a systematic review of the literature

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Asylum seekers appear to utilise health services at higher rates than the host population, yet face significant barriers to care. Studies that explore policy options, including cross-country comparisons, to foster equity of access and reduce health inequalities between asylum seekers and the …

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Oral iron supplements for children in malaria-endemic areas

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Oral iron supplementation or fortification for children living in malaria-endemic countries, in a daily dose of 80% or more of the recommended daily allowance for prevention of anaemia by age, does not cause an excess of clinical malaria. This is probably true …

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Social determinants of mid- to long-term disaster impacts on health: A systematic review

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This review found that regardless of health outcomes and event types, the influence of disasters on chronic heath persists beyond the initial disaster period, affecting people’s health for months to years. Using the World Health Organization’s conceptual framework for the social determinants …

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Are energy access interventions within humanitarian relief an effective tool for improving the health, safety and livelihoods of beneficiaries, while also having wider environmental benefits?*

* Thesis done as a systematic review
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Providing beneficiaries with access to modern energy devices within humanitarian relief camps can have significant positive impacts. In particular those associated with improvements in indoor air quality, the removal of risks associated with fire, positive impacts …

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