» Displaced population

Nasal versus oral route for placing feeding tubes in preterm or low birth weight infants

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There is insufficient evidence on the effect of nasal versus oral replacement of enteral feeding tubes on growth and development, food tolerance, or incidence of adverse events in low birth weight or preterm babies. One small trial found no evidence of …

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Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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There is not enough evidence available to support or refute the effectiveness of combined psychological therapy and pharmacotherapy compared to either of these interventions alone.
Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal, as well as distress and impairment resulting from …

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Probiotics for treating persistent diarrhoea in children

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There is limited evidence suggesting probiotics may be effective in treating persistent diarrhoea in children.
Persistent diarrhoea (diarrhoea lasting more than 14 days) accounts for one third of all diarrhoea-related deaths in developing countries in some studies, and probiotics may help treatment. This …

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Probiotics for treating acute infectious diarrhoea

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Used alongside rehydration therapy, probiotics appear to be safe and have clear beneficial effects in shortening the duration and reducing stool frequency in acute infectious diarrhoea. However, more research is needed to guide the use of particular probiotic regimens in specific patient …

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Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children

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In areas where the prevalence of zinc deficiency or the prevalence of moderate malnutrition is high, zinc may be of benefit in children aged six months or more.The current evidence does not support the use of zinc supplementation in children below six …

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Oral versus intravenous rehydration for treating dehydration due to gastroenteritis in children

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There were no important clinical differences between oral rehydration therapy and intravenous rehydration therapy for rehydration secondary to acute gastroenteritis in children.
Dehydration associated with gastroenteritis is a serious complication. Dehydration occurs when body water content is reduced causing dry skin, headaches, sunken …

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Reduced osmolarity oral rehydration solution for treating dehydration caused by acute diarrhoea in children

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In children admitted to hospital with diarrhoea, reduced osmolarity ORS [total osmolarity ≤ 250 mmol/L with reduced sodium] when compared to WHO standard ORS [90 mmol/L sodium, 111 mmol/L glucose, total osmolarity 311 mmol/L] is associated with fewer unscheduled intravenous fluid infusions, …

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Oral treatments for fungal infections of the skin of the foot

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The evidence suggests that terbinafine is more effective than griseofulvin and that terbinafine and itraconazole are more effective than no treatment.
About 15% of the population have fungal infections of the feet (tinea pedis or athlete’s foot). While there are many clinical …

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Topical treatments for fungal infections of the skin and nails of the foot

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Placebo-controlled trials of allylamines and azoles for athlete’s foot consistently produce much higher percentages of cure than placebo. Allylamines cure slightly more infections than azoles and are now available OTC [over the counter]. Further research into the effectiveness of antifungal agents …

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Antibiotics versus placebo for acute bacterial conjunctivitis

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Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is frequently a self-limiting condition, but the use of antibiotics is associated with modestly improved rates of clinical and microbiological remission compared to placebo.
Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is an infective condition in which the eyes become red and inflamed. …

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