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Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies

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Cash transfer and voucher programs, if appropriately designed and managed, can be effective and efficient modalities for addressing the needs of crisis-affected populations in a range of contexts. Robust evidence on the effects and efficiency of cash-based interventions are strongest for food …

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Social determinants of mid- to long-term disaster impacts on health: A systematic review

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This review found that regardless of health outcomes and event types, the influence of disasters on chronic heath persists beyond the initial disaster period, affecting people’s health for months to years. Using the World Health Organization’s conceptual framework for the social determinants …

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Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) professionals operating in humanitarian response must deliver interventions ranging from safe and sufficient drinking water provision to efficient wastewater and excreta removal methods in extremely unstable and insecure contexts (e.g., temporary sites with shifting water tables). This …

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The Effectiveness of Interventions for Non-Communicable Diseases in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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This systematic review found insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of interventions addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in humanitarian crises. After searching for quantitative published and grey literature produced between 1980 and 2014 on NCD interventions in humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income settings, …

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Effectiveness of Mechanisms and Models of Coordination between Organizations, Agencies and Bodies Providing or Financing Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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The aim of this review was to assess how, during and after humanitarian crises, different mechanisms and models of coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services compare in terms of access to health services and health outcomes.
The available …

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Medical rehabilitation in natural disasters: a systematic review

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There is a need to incorporate medical rehabilitation into response planning and disaster management for future natural catastrophes.  Access to rehabilitation and investment in sustainable infrastructure and education is crucial.
An evidence-based overview for effectiveness of medical rehabilitation intervention in natural disaster survivors and …

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Participation and quality of life outcomes among individuals with earthquake-related physical disability: A systematic review

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The review found some evidence that participation is diminished and quality of life outcomes are reduced for earthquake survivors with physical injury.
These results are based on only eight studies with small sample sizes. The study participants were not necessarily representative of …

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Medical rehabilitation of spinal cord injury following earthquakes in rehabilitation resource-scarce settings: implications for disaster research

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Qualitative trends in earthquake (EQ) victim epidemiological data, including spinal cord injury (SCI) classification and types of medical complications, were indicated. Selected EQ country narratives showed that post-disaster SCI rehabilitation services were expanded by adapting local resources with international assistance to manage …

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Disability and Health Related Rehabilitation in International Disaster Relief

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Little scientific evidence on the effectiveness of health-related rehabilitation interventions following natural disaster exists. It is known, however, that absolute numbers of injuries as well as injury to death ratios in natural disasters have increased significantly over the last 40 years and that persons with pre-existing …

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Performance Assessment of Communicable Disease Surveillance in Disasters: A Systematic Review

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Despite the importance of performance assessment in improving CDS in response to disasters, there is a lack of clear and accepted frameworks. There is no agreement on the use of existing criteria and indices. The only relevant framework is the CDC guidelines- …

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