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Negative pressure wound therapy for skin grafts and surgical wounds healing by primary intention

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Evidence for the effectiveness of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for complete healing of acute wounds remains unclear, as does the effect of NPWT on time to complete healing. Rates of graft loss may lower when NPWT is used, but hospital-based …

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Water for wound cleansing

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There is no evidence that using potable tap water to cleanse acute wounds in adults increases infection, and there is some evidence that it reduces infection. However, there is not strong evidence that cleansing wounds per se increases healing or reduces …

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Hand washing promotion for preventing diarrhoea

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Interventions to promote handwashing, such as targeted education and provision of free soap, improve hand hygiene and reduce diarrhoeal episodes in children and adults living in low- and middle-income countries by about one third. This significant reduction is comparable to the …

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Interventions to improve disposal of human excreta for preventing diarrhoea

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This review provides some evidence that interventions to improve excreta disposal are effective in preventing diarrhoeal disease.
Over a third of the world’s population lacks access to improved facilities for the disposal of human excreta, such as a basic pit latrine, a toilet …

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Pharmacotherapy for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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Medication treatments can be effective in treating PTSD, acting to reduce its core symptoms, as well as associated depression and disability. The findings of this review support the status of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as first-line agents in the pharmacotherapy of PTSD, …

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Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults

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Although the evidence of each comparison of psychological treatments was very low, this evidence showed that individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy/exposure therapy (TFCBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) did better than waitlist/usual care in reducing clinician-assessed PTSD symptom; individual TFCBT, …

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Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea

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Interventions to improve water quality are generally effective in preventing diarrhoea, and interventions to improve water quality at the household level are more effective than those at the source.
Diarrhoeal diseases are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, especially among young children …

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