» Health

Zika virus misinformation on the internet

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There is significant evidence that free speech on the internet allows for incorrect information to gain more attention than they would in more restrictive settings. Efforts are required to provide the public with accurate research findings.
The recent outbreak of Zika virus …

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Effects of the West Africa Ebola Virus Disease on Healthcare Utilization – A Systematic Review

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Health systems must be supported in maintaining routine and preventative health service delivery before and during disasters, to achieve the best health outcomes and build a more resilient health system.
The recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa greatly and directly impacted health …

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Barriers and enablers to guideline implementation strategies to improve obstetric care practice in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of qualitative evidence

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A number of quality improvement processes for obstetric care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are amenable to change at limited or no additional cost, although some identified barriers may be difficult to address without increased resources.
Maternal mortality remains a major …

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A systematic review of the international disaster case management literature in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

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As the prospects for more mega-disasters like Hurricane Katrina loom for the future, it is clear that better linkages between the international social work and emergency management communities will be needed, not only to improve disaster recovery outcomes, but also to …

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The Impact of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions to Control Cholera: A Systematic Review

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There is a distinct gap in knowledge of which WASH interventions are most appropriate to control cholera in emergencies.
Cholera remains a significant threat to global public health with an estimated 100,000 deaths per year. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are …

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Community effectiveness of copepods for dengue vector control: systematic review

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Studies on the use of cyclopoid copepods as a single intervention is limited and available data suggest that it works in some communities only under certain criteria.  
Dengue, “the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral infection”, is currently prevented through vector control. …

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What do community-based dengue control programmes achieve? A systematic review of published evaluations

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There is weak evidence that community-based dengue control programmes increase the effectiveness of dengue control programs.
Dengue spread can only be curbed by vector control and body protection. Recent efforts have …

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Sexual and gender-based violence in areas of armed conflict: a systematic review of mental health and psychosocial support interventions

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This review tentatively suggests beneficial effects of mental health and psychosocial interventions for this population, and show feasibility of evaluation and implementation of such interventions in real-life settings through partnerships with humanitarian organizations.
Sexual and other forms of gender-based violence are common …

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Non vector borne transmission of Zika virus

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There is evidence that non-vector-borne Zika Virus (ZIKV) transmission plays a role in the spread of ZIKV and has great societal impact.
ZIKV is transmitted via the bite of the mosquito, however non vector borne transmission, including intra uterine mother to child …

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Multi-modal Aedes aegypti mosquito reduction interventions and dengue fever prevention

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Little evidence exists to support the efficacy of mosquito abatement programs.
Dengue fever is the most rapidly advancing vector-borne disease in the world. This study aims to systematically review the effectiveness of biological, chemical and educational dengue fever prevention programs on the …

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