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Transmission of Zika virus through breast milk and other breastfeeding-related bodily-fluids: a systematic review

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There was insufficient evidence to determine whether Zika virus could be transmitted via breastfeeding.
ZIKV transmission occurs primarily via the bite of mosquitoes, however perinatal, transfusion, and sexual transmission have also been reported. With the recent increases of ZIKV cases in Central …

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Accuracy of ultrasound scanning relative to reference tests for prenatal diagnosis of microcephaly in the context of Zika virus infection: a systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy

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Evidence suggests that prenatal ultrasound appears more accurate in detecting the absence of microcephaly than its presence.
In 2015, a 20-fold increase in neonatal microcephaly was observed in association with Zika virus infection in pregnant women in Latin America. There is no …

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Zika virus infection in pregnancy: a systematic review of disease course and complications

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Evidence shows that maternal Zika virus infection tended to have more adverse effects on the fetus and the infant than on the mother.
A 20-fold increase in the incidence of microcephaly relative to previous years was reported with the onset of …

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State of knowledge on Zika virus for an adequate laboratory response

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The evidence provides essential Zika virus knowledge to the world laboratory community and identifies knowledge gaps.
The current epidemic of Zika virus has resulted in a large increase in diagnostic requests in the Americas and elsewhere when travelers return from affected areas. …

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Is Dengue vector control deficient in effectiveness or evidence?: Systematic review and meta-analysis

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There is currently scarce reliable evidence on the effectiveness of any Dengue vector control strategy.
Dengue is the most widespread mosquito-borne arboviral disease and vector control methods are the main approach to prevent it. This study reviewed the evidence for effectiveness …

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Congenital cerebral malformations and dysfunction in foetuses and newborns following the 2013 to 2014 Zika Virus epidemic in French Polynesia

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There was insufficient evidence to associate cerebral malformations or dysfunction without microcephaly to Zika virus infection.
 An unusual increase in annual congenital cerebral malformations, brainstem dysfunction and severe microcephaly among foetuses and new-borns was observed after the 2013 – 2014 Zika …

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The value of educational messages embedded in a community-based approach to combat Dengue Fever: A systematic review and meta regression analysis

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Evidence suggests that the effect of educational messages embedded within community-based approached was most effecting about 18 to 24 months after it was delivered but then subsequently declined.
Prevention of Dengue relies on mosquito control. The mosquito, Aedes aegypyti (which also causes …

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Secondary Stressors and Extreme Events and Disasters: A Systematic Review of Primary Research from 2010-2011

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The review findings from non-randomised studies published between 2010 and 2011 identified categories of secondary stressors such as economic stressors, health related stressors, loss of physical possessions and resources, health-related stressors, stress relating to education and schooling, stress arising from media …

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Nurses’ experiences of ethical preparedness for public health emergencies and healthcare disasters: a systematic review of qualitative evidence

 
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Evidence suggests that nurses, like other emergency co-workers, are grossly under-prepared for making the ‘tough moral choices’ that often have to be made during a mass casualty event.
This review highlights the lack of published research on nurses’ direct experiences of being …

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Evidence in humanitarian emergencies: what does it look like?

Marie McGrath mosque_Cover picture for slider

By Jeremy Shoham and Marie McGrath, ENN
Over 20 years, ENN has published Field Exchange to help achieve our purpose of strengthening the evidence and know-how for effective nutrition interventions in countries prone to crisis and high levels of malnutrition. It provides the experiences of those implementing nutrition …

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