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Effectiveness of peridomestic space spraying with insecticide on dengue transmission

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There is no clear evidence for recommending peridomestic space spraying as a single, effective control intervention.
Although peridomestic space spraying is commonly applied by national dengue control programmes, there are very few studies evaluating the effectiveness of this intervention. The systematic review …

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Psychosocial adjustment and mental health in former child soldiers: systematic review of the literature and recommendations for future research

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Research on the social reintegration and psychosocial adjustment of former child soldiers is emerging and is beginning to document psychosocial adjustment, mental health, and social reintegration in former child soldiers across a range of settings and cultures.
This research demonstrates that …

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A systematic review of the impact of physical activity programmes on social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth

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It is difficult to determine the efficacy of physical activity programmes for improving social and emotional well being in at-risk youth.
Physical activity programmes have been identified as a potential strategy for improving social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth, who have …

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Systematic Review of the evidence and treatment approaches: psychosocial and mental health care for children in war

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While mostly positive, the results of the outcome studies are not yet convincing. The scarcity of rigorous studies, the diversity of researched interventions, and the conditions and diversity of results make firm conclusions difficult.
Key practitioner messages:

There is a lack of rigorous …

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Resilience and mental health in children and adolescents living in areas of armed conflict – a systematic review of findings in low-and middle-income countries

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Resilience-focused interventions need to be highly tailored to specific contexts, rather than the application of a universal model that may be expected to have similar effects on mental health across contexts.
Researchers focused on mental health of conflict-affected children are increasingly interested …

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Interventions for children affected by armed conflict: a systematic review of mental health and psychosocial support in low- and middle-income countries

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Interventions for children affected by armed conflict appeared to show promising results demonstrating mostly moderate effect sizes on mental health and psychosocial well-being.
Over one billion children under the age of 18 live in countries affected by armed conflict. This systematic review …

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Single-reaction multiplex reverse transcription PCR for detection of Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue Viruses

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To improve virus detection, streamline molecular workflow, and decrease test costs, we developed and evaluated a multiplex real-time reverse transcription PCR for detecting these viruses.
The detection of Zika Virus using a multiple RT-PCR test (ZCD assay) for Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue …

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Rapid molecular diagnostic test for Zika virus with low demands on sample preparation and instrumentation

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The RT-SIBA method is cost-effective and compatible with portable instrumentation, enabling near patient testing and field use.
Diagnosis of Zika virus has so far relied on serological methods which can be time consuming or nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) which require high …

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Comparison of test results for Zika Virus RNA in urine, serum, and saliva specimens from persons with travel-associated Zika Virus Disease

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Results of testing conducted at Florida Department of Health Bureau of Public Health Laboratories suggest that urine might be the preferred specimen type to identify acute Zika virus disease.
Zika virus is excreted in multiple body fluids, including urine and saliva which …

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A literature review of Zika Virus

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Findings reveal that further investigation is needed on the following areas: virus´ vectors and reservoirs, pathogenesis, genetic diversity and potential synergistic effects of co infection with other circulating viruses.
Zika virus is a flavivirus that was initially identified in Aedes africanus …

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