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Coordinating the Provision of Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: a Systematic Review of Suggested Models

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The Cluster Approach appears to be used more widely than the others as a co-ordination model between organizations providing health services in public health emergencies. The 4Ws and the 5×5 models focus on coordinating mental health services.
A number of models for …

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A systematic review of refugee women’s reproductive health

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There is a lack of evidence on how best to identify and deter negative reproductive health outcomes of resettling refugee women, associated with their migration experience, in comparison to their non-refugee counterparts.
Refugee women experience numerous challenges to their health whilst in …

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Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies

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Cash transfer and voucher programs, if appropriately designed and managed, can be effective and efficient modalities for addressing the needs of crisis-affected populations in a range of contexts. Robust evidence on the effects and efficiency of cash-based interventions are strongest for food …

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Personal protective equipment for preventing highly infectious diseases due to exposure to contaminated body fluids in healthcare staff

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Studies of simulations of exposure showed doffing may be safer with double gloves and following CDC methods. Active training may lead to less errors in donning and doffing than passive training.
Healthcare staff are at much greater risk of infections such as Ebola …

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Interventions for treating ankle fractures in children

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Using an ankle brace rather than a rigid cast, especially a non-removable walking cast, may result in quicker recovery in children with minor ankle fractures (undisplaced growth-plate fractures of the distal fibula). There is no evidence to inform on the management, including …

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Estimating infectious disease in UK asylum seekers and refugees: a systematic review of prevalence studies

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Five studies were identified for variable prevalence rates for TB, hepatitis B and HIV in asylum seekers in the UK. It was unclear if the reported rates were true risk variation or reflected methodological differences.
The prevalence of TB ranged from 1.33 to …

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The physical health status, service utilisation and barriers to accessing care for asylum seekers residing in the community: a systematic review of the literature

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Asylum seekers appear to utilise health services at higher rates than the host population, yet face significant barriers to care. Studies that explore policy options, including cross-country comparisons, to foster equity of access and reduce health inequalities between asylum seekers and the …

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Oral iron supplements for children in malaria-endemic areas

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Oral iron supplementation or fortification for children living in malaria-endemic countries, in a daily dose of 80% or more of the recommended daily allowance for prevention of anaemia by age, does not cause an excess of clinical malaria. This is probably true …

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Systematic review of the evidence on the effectiveness of sexual and reproductive health interventions in humanitarian crises

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Humanitarian crises increase vulnerability to poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes among affected populations through reduced access to services and supplies, damaged health facilities, depleted human resources, increased exposure to sexual violence, and increased impoverishment and related risk-taking. The aim of …

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Social determinants of mid- to long-term disaster impacts on health: A systematic review

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This review found that regardless of health outcomes and event types, the influence of disasters on chronic heath persists beyond the initial disaster period, affecting people’s health for months to years. Using the World Health Organization’s conceptual framework for the social determinants …

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