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Are energy access interventions within humanitarian relief an effective tool for improving the health, safety and livelihoods of beneficiaries, while also having wider environmental benefits?*

* Thesis done as a systematic review
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Providing beneficiaries with access to modern energy devices within humanitarian relief camps can have significant positive impacts. In particular those associated with improvements in indoor air quality, the removal of risks associated with fire, positive impacts …

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Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults (Updated)

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Surgery does not result in a better outcome for most people with a displaced proximal humeral fracture involving the humeral neck and probably increases the need for future surgery. However, the evidence supporting this conclusion does not cover …

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Surgical fixation methods for tibial plateau fractures

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There is insufficient evidence to inform on the best method of surgical fixation or the best method of treating bone defects for tibial plateau fractures in adults. However, the available evidence from randomised trials does not contradict approaches aiming to limit soft-tissue …

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Interventions for treating fractures of the distal femur in adults

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There is either no or insufficient evidence from randomised trials to inform on optimal non-surgical treatment, on the use of surgery, or on optimal surgical intervention for fractures of the distal femur in adults
Fractures of the distal femur are relatively uncommon but …

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Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review

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Insufficient evidence exists to draw conclusions regarding the comparative effectiveness of various types of personal protective equipment. Additional research is urgently needed to determine optimal PPE for health care workers caring for patients with filovirus.
A rapid review, guided by a protocol, was …

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Surgical interventions for treating distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults

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There is insufficient evidence to inform on the use of surgery or the best surgical intervention for distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults.
Distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults are relatively uncommon but serious injuries that are frequently treated surgically. The main options …

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Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) professionals operating in humanitarian response must deliver interventions ranging from safe and sufficient drinking water provision to efficient wastewater and excreta removal methods in extremely unstable and insecure contexts (e.g., temporary sites with shifting water tables). This …

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The Impact of Detention on the Health of Asylum Seekers

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There is some evidence to suggest an independent adverse effect of detention on the mental health of asylum seekers. The magnitude of the effect sizes lay in a clinical important range despite the fact that the comparison groups used in the …

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Intervenciones para el tratamiento de quemaduras de fósforo

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Los primeros auxilios en casos de quemaduras de fósforo incluyen medidas de sentido común tales como actuar con rapidez retirando la ropa, empapando la(s) heridas(s) con agua o suero de manera continuada y quitando las partículas de fósforo. No hay pruebas que …

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The Effectiveness of Interventions for Non-Communicable Diseases in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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This systematic review found insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of interventions addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in humanitarian crises. After searching for quantitative published and grey literature produced between 1980 and 2014 on NCD interventions in humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income settings, …

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