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Systematic Review of Psychological First Aid

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There is an absence of direct evidence for the effectiveness of PFA but indirect evidence supports the delivery of services based on the principles of PFA in the first few weeks after a traumatic event. We agree that when delivered PFA should …

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A Systematic Literature Search on Psychological First Aid: Lack of Evidence to Develop Guidelines

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Although PFA is considered to be an important approach for disaster-affected populations, there is a complete lack of experimental and observational studies on the effectiveness of PFA in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Currently it is impossible to make evidence-based guidelines …

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Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings

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There is some evidence to support the incorporation of Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs) as part of the alogarithms in the treatment and management of malaria to reduce the presumptive prescription of antimalarial drugs. Improving the care of RDT negative patients could improve …

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Interventions for preventing the spread of infestation in close contacts of people with scabies

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There is no evidence to support the effectiveness of providing prophylactic treatments for close contacts of people with scabies for the prevention of re-infestation or spread of infestation in contacts.
Scabies is a parasitic infection that spreads from person to person through …

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Interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents

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There is insufficient evidence on the benefits and harms from the independent comparisons of surgical and non-surgical interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence on whether long term function as an outcome differs between the surgical and conservative …

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Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birth weight infants

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There is evidence to support the use of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) as an alternative to neonatal care in low-birth weight infants particularly, in resource limited settings in the reduction of mortality and morbidity rates. However, more evidence to assess efficacy …

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Zinc supplementation for preventing mortality, morbidity, and growth failure in children aged 6 months to 12 years of age

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There is some evidence to support the effectiveness of preventative zinc supplementation particularly, where the risk of zinc deficiency is high. However, more evidence on optimal intervention characteristics such as supplement dose is needed.
Zinc deficiency is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality …

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Antibiotics for preventing suppurative complications from undifferentiated acute respiratory infections in children under five years of age

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There is insufficient evidence from clinical trials on the effectiveness (efficacy and safety) of antibiotics in reducing the risk of otitis or pneumonia in children aged between two and 59 months with undifferentiated acute respiratory infections (ARIs).
ARIs are a group of …

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Interventions to Reduce Distress in Adult Victims of Sexual Violence and Rape: A Systematic Review

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There is moderate evidence that cognitive and behavioural interventions, in particular Cognitive Processing Therapy, Prolonged Exposure therapy, Stress Inoculation Therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing can be associated with decreased symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, anxiety and depression in victims …

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Ebola virus disease: Key questions and answers concerning water, sanitation and hygiene

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD): Key Questions and Answers Concerning Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WHO 2014): Controlling the hazards from the presence of the Ebola virus in body fluids lies in the separation and containment of all body fluids (including feces and urine). Feces from suspected …

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