» Health

Surgical interventions for treating distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults

Read the full article
There is insufficient evidence to inform on the use of surgery or the best surgical intervention for distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults.
Distal tibial metaphyseal fractures in adults are relatively uncommon but serious injuries that are frequently treated surgically. The main options …

Full Story »

Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

Read the full article
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) professionals operating in humanitarian response must deliver interventions ranging from safe and sufficient drinking water provision to efficient wastewater and excreta removal methods in extremely unstable and insecure contexts (e.g., temporary sites with shifting water tables). This …

Full Story »

The Impact of Detention on the Health of Asylum Seekers

Read the full review here
There is some evidence to suggest an independent adverse effect of detention on the mental health of asylum seekers. The magnitude of the effect sizes lay in a clinical important range despite the fact that the comparison groups used in the …

Full Story »

Intervenciones para el tratamiento de quemaduras de fósforo

Leer el artículo completo
Los primeros auxilios en casos de quemaduras de fósforo incluyen medidas de sentido común tales como actuar con rapidez retirando la ropa, empapando la(s) heridas(s) con agua o suero de manera continuada y quitando las partículas de fósforo. No hay pruebas que …

Full Story »

The Effectiveness of Interventions for Non-Communicable Diseases in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

Read the full article
This systematic review found insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of interventions addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in humanitarian crises. After searching for quantitative published and grey literature produced between 1980 and 2014 on NCD interventions in humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income settings, …

Full Story »

Using social media for actionable disease surveillance and outbreak management

Read the full article
This review highlights the lack of literature on the use of social media in disease surveillance and outbreak management to support and improve public health, and to target specific populations to evaluate an intervention or interact with communities to improve health outcomes. …

Full Story »

Effectiveness of Mechanisms and Models of Coordination between Organizations, Agencies and Bodies Providing or Financing Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

Read the full article
The aim of this review was to assess how, during and after humanitarian crises, different mechanisms and models of coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services compare in terms of access to health services and health outcomes.
The available …

Full Story »

Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Read the full article
Additional high-quality evidence is required to reach clear conclusions regarding the effectiveness of unconditional cash transfers for improving the use of health services and health outcomes in disaster contexts in low and middle-income countries.
Unconditional cash transfers (provided without obligation) may improve health …

Full Story »

Core Competencies in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance: A Systematic Review

Read the full article
Development and validation of a common competency framework for professionals involved in crisis response represents a decisive step forward for professionalization.
This review illustrates the results of systematically reviewing 38 peer-reviewed studies to identify existing competency sets for disaster management and humanitarian assistance …

Full Story »

Medical rehabilitation in natural disasters: a systematic review

Read the full article
There is a need to incorporate medical rehabilitation into response planning and disaster management for future natural catastrophes.  Access to rehabilitation and investment in sustainable infrastructure and education is crucial.
An evidence-based overview for effectiveness of medical rehabilitation intervention in natural disaster survivors and …

Full Story »