» Health

Nasal versus oral route for placing feeding tubes in preterm or low birth weight infants

Read the full review here
There is insufficient evidence on the effect of nasal versus oral replacement of enteral feeding tubes on growth and development, food tolerance, or incidence of adverse events in low birth weight or preterm babies. One small trial found no evidence of …

Full Story »

Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Read the full article
There is not enough evidence available to support or refute the effectiveness of combined psychological therapy and pharmacotherapy compared to either of these interventions alone.
Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal, as well as distress and impairment resulting from …

Full Story »

Topical treatment for facial burns

Read the full article here
There is insufficient high quality research and evidence to enable conclusions to be drawn about the effects of topical interventions on wound healing in people with facial burns.
Burn injuries are an important health problem, occurring frequently in the head and neck …

Full Story »

Negative pressure wound therapy for partial-thickness burns

Read the full review here
There is not enough evidence regarding the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for treating partial thickness burn wounds.
Treatments for burns include a variety of dressings, but newer strategies such as negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) have been developed to try …

Full Story »

Tranexamic acid for reducing mortality in emergency and urgent surgery

Read the full review here
There is evidence that tranexamic acid reduces blood transfusion in patients undergoing emergency or urgent surgery.
Emergency or urgent surgery, which can be defined as surgery which must be done promptly to save life, limb, or functional capacity, is associated with …

Full Story »

Lay health workers in primary and community health care for maternal and child health and the management of infectious diseases

Read the full article
Lay health workers may provide benefits in promoting immunisation uptake and breastfeeding, improving tuberculosis cure rates, and child health when compared to usual care. There is insufficient evidence to draw any conclusions for other health issues.
Lay health workers (LHWs) are widely used …

Full Story »

Different methods of external fixation for treating distal radial fractures in adults

Read the full article
There was insufficient evidence to determine the relative effects of different methods of external fixation for treating distal radial fractures in adults.
Fracture of the distal radius is a common injury. A surgical treatment is external fixation, where metal pins inserted into bone …

Full Story »

Closed reduction methods for treating distal radial fractures in adults

Read the full article
There was insufficient evidence to establish the relative effectiveness of different methods of closed reduction used in the treatment of displaced fractures of the distal radius in adults. The three included randomised controlled trials did not assess functional outcome and only one …

Full Story »

Tissue adhesives for traumatic lacerations in children and adults

Read the full review here
There is evidence to suggest that tissue adhesives are an acceptable alternative to standard wound closure for repairing simple traumatic lacerations.  Additionally, the tissue adhesives are helpful in terms of reducing pain, ease of use, and procedure time.
The use of tissue adhesives …

Full Story »

Primary (immediate) closure versus delayed closure for non-bite traumatic wounds within 24 hours post injury

Read the full review here
There is no randomised controlled trial evidence to suggest the best timing for closure of traumatic wounds within clinical practice.
Traumatic wounds presenting within six hours of injury and considered ‘clean’ by the attending surgeon have traditionally undergone primary closure (closure …

Full Story »