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Hand washing promotion for preventing diarrhoea

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Interventions to promote handwashing, such as targeted education and provision of free soap, improve hand hygiene and reduce diarrhoeal episodes in children and adults living in low- and middle-income countries by about one third. This significant reduction is comparable to the …

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Interventions to improve disposal of human excreta for preventing diarrhoea

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This review provides some evidence that interventions to improve excreta disposal are effective in preventing diarrhoeal disease.
Over a third of the world’s population lacks access to improved facilities for the disposal of human excreta, such as a basic pit latrine, a toilet …

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Fluoroquinolones for treating typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever)

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Trials were small and methodological quality varied. In adults, fluoroquinolones may be better for reducing clinical relapse rates compared to chloramphenicol. Data are limited for other comparisons, particularly in children.
Fluoroquinolones are recommended as first-line therapy for typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever), …

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Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea

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Interventions to improve water quality are generally effective in preventing diarrhoea, and interventions to improve water quality at the household level are more effective than those at the source.
Diarrhoeal diseases are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, especially among young children …

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