» Insect infestation

EPA-registered repellents for mosquitoes transmitting emerging viral disease

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The conventional repellent picaridin has the strongest data to support its use as a second-line agent, as a mosquito repellent. IR3535 and oil of lemon eucalyptus are reasonably effective natural products. Citronella, catnip, and …

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Effectiveness of peridomestic space spraying with insecticide on dengue transmission

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There is no clear evidence for recommending peridomestic space spraying as a single, effective control intervention.
Although peridomestic space spraying is commonly applied by national dengue control programmes, there are very few studies evaluating the effectiveness of this intervention. The systematic review …

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A systematic review of the impact of physical activity programmes on social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth

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It is difficult to determine the efficacy of physical activity programmes for improving social and emotional well being in at-risk youth.
Physical activity programmes have been identified as a potential strategy for improving social and emotional well-being in at-risk youth, who have …

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Do mosquito coils prevent malaria

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There is no evidence that burning insecticide containing mosquito coils prevent malaria acquisition.
Malaria infects around 5% of world population and causes approximately 1 million deaths each year. Official guidelines often recommend burning mosquito coils as an effective means to prevent disease. …

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Zika Virus Disease Epidemics

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Zika virus infection has probably been underdiagnosed and underreported in disease-endemic settings.
Zika is a mosquito-borne viral disease clinically similar to dengue and other tropical infectious diseases. The study aims to review the epidemiology of Zika virus infection and to describe the …

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Improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health: A systematic review of potential interventions

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Sexual and reproductive health education, counseling, and contraceptive provision are effective in increasing sexual knowledge, contraceptive use, and decreasing adolescent pregnancy.
Adolescents have special sexual and reproductive health needs (whether or not they are sexually active or married). This review assesses …

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Zika: the origin and spread of a mosquito-borne virus

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For over 70 years, as Zika virus spread from Africa and Asia to the Americas, it variably affected humans from a mild illness to neurological and congenital abnormalities.
Zika, a flavivirus that is transmitted by Aedes mosquitos was first discovered in 1947 …

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Dengue viral infections in Pakistan and other Asian countries: a comprehensive review

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Dengue is expanding geographically, especially in developing countries. In Pakistan, the incidence of Dengue has been extraordinary in metropolitan cities over the last couple of years.
Infections due to Dengue virus are widespread throughout the world with a high morbidity and mortality …

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Benefit of insecticide-treated nets, curtains and screening on vector borne diseases, excluding malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis

 
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Insecticide-Treated Nets (ITNs), Insecticide-Treated Curtains (ITCs), and Insecticide-Treated Screening (ITS) have good potential to reduce Vector Borne Diseases (VBDs).
ITNs, ITCs, and ITS are the main preventive measures used for the deadly disease, malaria. The same interventions may have benefit on controlling …

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Bacillus thuringiensis israellensis (Bti) for the control of dengue vectors: systematic literature review

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Evidence to recommend the use of Bti  as a single agent for the long term control of dengue vectors and prevention of dengue fever is insufficient.  Still, Bti can be effective in reducing the number of immature dengue vectors in targeted …

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