» Malaria and protozoal infections

La nourriture thérapeutique prête à l’emploi pour le traitement à domicile des enfants âgés de six mois à cinq ans souffrant de malnutrition aiguë sévère

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Il n’y a pas suffisamment de données probantes issues d’essais cliniques sur l’efficacité, au niveau des résultats cliniques en termes de récupération, rechute et mortalité, chez les enfants souffrant de malnutrition aiguë sévère qui avaient reçu à domicile de la nourriture …

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La supplémentation intermittente en fer pour améliorer la nutrition et le développement chez les enfants de moins de 12 ans

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Des éléments de preuve permettent de penser que la supplémentation intermittente en fer, dans le cadre d’une comparaison avec l’administration d’un placebo ou l’absence d’intervention, est efficace pour réduire le risque d’anémie chez les enfants de ≤ 12 ans. Cependant, la …

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Solution d’albumine humaine pour la réanimation et l’expansion du volume chez les patients gravement malades

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Il n’y a aucune preuve que l’albumine réduit la mortalité des patients atteints d’hypovolémie par rapport aux solutions de rechange moins chères, telles que la solution saline. Il n’y a aucune preuve que l’albumine réduit le taux de mortalité des patients …

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Do mosquito coils prevent malaria

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There is no evidence that burning insecticide containing mosquito coils prevent malaria acquisition.
Malaria infects around 5% of world population and causes approximately 1 million deaths each year. Official guidelines often recommend burning mosquito coils as an effective means to prevent disease. …

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How do variations in definitions of “Migrant” and their application influence the access of migrants to health care services?

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Variations in definitions used for “migrant” and for different groups of migrants in different areas can affect health system policies and migrant access to health care.
This systematic review explored this issue using evidence from academic peer-reviewed and grey literature in 169 …

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Oral iron supplements for children in malaria-endemic areas

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Oral iron supplementation or fortification for children living in malaria-endemic countries, in a daily dose of 80% or more of the recommended daily allowance for prevention of anaemia by age, does not cause an excess of clinical malaria. This is probably true …

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Systematic review of the evidence on the effectiveness of sexual and reproductive health interventions in humanitarian crises

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Humanitarian crises increase vulnerability to poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes among affected populations through reduced access to services and supplies, damaged health facilities, depleted human resources, increased exposure to sexual violence, and increased impoverishment and related risk-taking. The aim of …

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Social determinants of mid- to long-term disaster impacts on health: A systematic review

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This review found that regardless of health outcomes and event types, the influence of disasters on chronic heath persists beyond the initial disaster period, affecting people’s health for months to years. Using the World Health Organization’s conceptual framework for the social determinants …

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Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) professionals operating in humanitarian response must deliver interventions ranging from safe and sufficient drinking water provision to efficient wastewater and excreta removal methods in extremely unstable and insecure contexts (e.g., temporary sites with shifting water tables). This …

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Effectiveness of Mechanisms and Models of Coordination between Organizations, Agencies and Bodies Providing or Financing Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

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The aim of this review was to assess how, during and after humanitarian crises, different mechanisms and models of coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services compare in terms of access to health services and health outcomes.
The available …

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