» Population displacement

Hand washing promotion for preventing diarrhoea

Read the full review here
Interventions to promote handwashing, such as targeted education and provision of free soap, improve hand hygiene and reduce diarrhoeal episodes in children and adults living in low- and middle-income countries by about one third. This significant reduction is comparable to the …

Full Story »

Interventions to improve disposal of human excreta for preventing diarrhoea

Read the full article
This review provides some evidence that interventions to improve excreta disposal are effective in preventing diarrhoeal disease.
Over a third of the world’s population lacks access to improved facilities for the disposal of human excreta, such as a basic pit latrine, a toilet …

Full Story » Comment (1)

Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Read the full article
No randomised controlled trials evaluating sports or games to alleviate the symptoms of PTSD were identified. More research is therefore required before a fair assessment can be made of the effectiveness of these interventions for PTSD.
It has been suggested that participation in …

Full Story »

Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Read the full article
There is not enough evidence available to support or refute the effectiveness of combined psychological therapy and pharmacotherapy compared to either of these interventions alone.
Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal, as well as distress and impairment resulting from …

Full Story »

Pharmacotherapy for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Read the full article
Medication treatments can be effective in treating PTSD, acting to reduce its core symptoms, as well as associated depression and disability. The findings of this review support the status of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as first-line agents in the pharmacotherapy of PTSD, …

Full Story »

Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults

Read the full article
Although the evidence of each comparison of psychological treatments was very low, this evidence showed that individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy/exposure therapy (TFCBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) did better than waitlist/usual care in reducing clinician-assessed PTSD symptom; individual TFCBT, …

Full Story »

Multiple session early psychological interventions for the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder

Read the full article
Multiple-session interventions aimed at all individuals exposed to traumatic events should not be used.
The prevention of long-term psychological distress following traumatic events is a major concern. Systematic reviews have suggested that individual psychological debriefing is not an effective intervention at preventing PTSD. …

Full Story »

Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Read the full article
There is no evidence that single-session individual psychological debriefing is a useful treatment for the prevention of PTSD after traumatic incidents. Compulsory debriefing of victims of trauma should cease.
Over the past few decades, early psychological interventions, such as psychological ‘debriefing’, have been …

Full Story »

Early psychological interventions to treat acute traumatic stress symptoms

Read the full article
Individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural interventions were effective, in the short-term, for individuals with acute traumatic stress symptoms compared to both waiting list and supportive counselling interventions; however, caution should be taken in interpreting these results because the quality of trials was variable, …

Full Story »

Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea

Read the full article
Interventions to improve water quality are generally effective in preventing diarrhoea, and interventions to improve water quality at the household level are more effective than those at the source.
Diarrhoeal diseases are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, especially among young children …

Full Story »