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Disaster and perinatal health: a systematic review

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This was a systematic review of 49 peer-reviewed studies on the effects of disaster on pregnancy and the postpartum period. The identification of women at high risk and who may be more vulnerable, in particular in respect to mental health, after a …

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Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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There is not enough evidence available to support or refute the effectiveness of combined psychological therapy and pharmacotherapy compared to either of these interventions alone.
Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal, as well as distress and impairment resulting from …

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Lay health workers in primary and community health care for maternal and child health and the management of infectious diseases

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Lay health workers may provide benefits in promoting immunisation uptake and breastfeeding, improving tuberculosis cure rates, and child health when compared to usual care. There is insufficient evidence to draw any conclusions for other health issues.
Lay health workers (LHWs) are widely used …

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Modification of the home environment for the reduction of injuries

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There is insufficient evidence to determine whether interventions focused on modifying environmental home hazards reduce injuries.
Injury in the home is common, accounting for approximately a third of all injuries. The majority of injuries to children under five and people aged 75 and …

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Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention

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Home safety interventions provided most commonly as one-to-one, face-to-face education, in a clinical setting or at home, especially with the provision of safety equipment, are effective in increasing a range of safety practices. There is some evidence that such interventions may reduce …

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Community-based interventions for the prevention of burns and scalds in children

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Only four studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Two found a reduction in rates of burns and scalding, and two found no effect following the intervention.
Burns and scalds are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Successful counter-measures …

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Interventions for preventing injuries in problem drinkers

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Interventions for problem drinking appear to reduce injuries and their antecedents (e.g. falls, motor vehicle crashes, suicide attempts). Because injuries account for much of the morbidity and mortality from problem drinking, larger studies are warranted to evaluate the effect of treating problem …

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Interventions for promoting smoke alarm ownership and function

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This review found that programmes to promote smoke alarms have at most modest beneficial effects on smoke alarm ownership and function, and no demonstrated beneficial effect on fires or fire-related injuries.
Globally, fire-related burns and smoke inhalation accounted for 238,000 deaths in 2000, …

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Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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No randomised controlled trials evaluating sports or games to alleviate the symptoms of PTSD were identified. More research is therefore required before a fair assessment can be made of the effectiveness of these interventions for PTSD.
It has been suggested that participation in …

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Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Read the full article
There is not enough evidence available to support or refute the effectiveness of combined psychological therapy and pharmacotherapy compared to either of these interventions alone.
Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal, as well as distress and impairment resulting from …

Full Story »