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Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

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Additional high-quality evidence is required to reach clear conclusions regarding the effectiveness of unconditional cash transfers for improving the use of health services and health outcomes in disaster contexts in low and middle-income countries.
Unconditional cash transfers (provided without obligation) may improve health …

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Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings: linking practice and research

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A meta-analysis showed that psychotherapeutic interventions effectively reduced PTSD for adults in humanitarian settings in low- and middle-income countries. For children, an analysis of school-based interventions and group psychotherapy found inconsistent effectiveness for PTSD symptoms, but overall benefits for internalizing symptoms, for …

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The Effectiveness of Disaster Risk Communication: A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies

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A review of communication interventions relevant to disasters, including infection outbreaks. Interventions associated with increased knowledge of preventive measures include individual and group face-to-face information sessions, telephone calls, delivery of written information, mass media campaigns, mass SMS text messages and games for …

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How effective are measures taken to mitigate the impact of direct experience of armed conflict on the psychosocial and cognitive development of children aged 0–8?

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Interventions can help improve aspects of psychosocial functioning in children. The evidence is strongest for interventions focusing on normalisation.
Some 20 million children are currently victims of armed conflict. Among civilian casualties of war, 90% are children. Evidence …

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A systematic review of resilience and mental health outcomes of conflict-driven adult forced migrants

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Processes of resilience among displaced adults in the presence of substantial adversity- and their impact on mental health- remain unclear in the literature and require further research. There is evidence for the positive role of resilience on the mental health of conflict-driven …

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What is the evidence of the impact of initiatives to reduce risk and incidence of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict zones and other humanitarian crises in lower and middle-income countries?

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Implementation of initiatives on the ground to address conflict and crisis related sexual violence remains very limited. However, there is some evidence to support strategies being more effective when they have multiple components, including survivor care and community …

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Psychological, social and welfare interventions for psychological health and well-being of torture survivors

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This review suggests that there is no difference between psychological therapies and relative controls on the immediate effects on post-traumatic symptoms, distress or quality of life. However, at six-month follow-up, some specific psychological interventions showed moderate benefits in the reduction of PTSD …

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The Effectiveness of Psychological First Aid as a Disaster Intervention Tool: Research Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Literature From 1990-2010

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Sufficient evidence for psychological first aid is widely supported by available objective observations and expert opinion and best fits the category of “evidence informed” but without proof of effectiveness. An intervention provided by volunteers without professional mental health training for people who …

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Systematic Review of Psychological First Aid

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There is an absence of direct evidence for the effectiveness of PFA but indirect evidence supports the delivery of services based on the principles of PFA in the first few weeks after a traumatic event. We agree that when delivered PFA should …

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A Systematic Literature Search on Psychological First Aid: Lack of Evidence to Develop Guidelines

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Although PFA is considered to be an important approach for disaster-affected populations, there is a complete lack of experimental and observational studies on the effectiveness of PFA in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Currently it is impossible to make evidence-based guidelines …

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